2 Features of Urban Land Use Zones The images in this presentation ‘happen’ to be of DUNDEEThey show land use along a transect from the CBD to the rural urban fringeRemember that what they show will also be ‘happening’ in a city near YOU!
3 A transect through the city RURAL URBAN FRINGEOUTER CITYINNER CITYCBD
4 Aerial views Rural urban fringe Outer city Inner city Inner city CBD
5 The Central Business District (CBD) civic buildingsA mix of old and newshopspedestrian zones
6 More features of the CBD… officesbanksmuseum and art galleries
7 The ‘Twilight’ Zone… some features 19th century housing nearbyedge of the CBDcar parks on ‘cheaper ‘ landvacant land awaiting development
8 …also called the Zone in Transition where CBD ‘gives way’ toinner citythere is a mix of land usesSome redevelopmentInner ring roadland values are cheaperthan in the CBDmarks the limit of the pre-industrial citybars/restaurantsA few shops
9 The Inner City (1) : Industry In the 19th century more than half of Dundee’s working population worked in the jute industryderelict jute millsThe industry declined through the 20th century and there are no jute mills in operation today
10 The Inner City (2) : Housing 19th century tenements still occupied in 19701970!Many derelict and awaiting demolition in 2004or ………..2004
11 Redevelopment1960s styleinner city factories and houses were demolished and replaced with modern housingHigh rise in the 1960s but low rise in the late 20th century1990s style
12 Other features of the Inner City Victorian parksMain road shopping‘Refurbished’ tenements
13 At the edge of the Inner City…… Middle and upper class late Victorian housingThese houses were in the suburbs of Dundee in 1900Today they are well within the city boundaryBeyond them lies the outer city of the 20th century
14 Inner City gives way to Outer City After WW1 the city began to grow outwards at a faster rateThis was due to developments such as local authority housing, the emergence of building societies and improved public and private transportInter-war Local Authority housingInter-war owner occupied housing
15 The ‘Outer’ Ring Road … 1930!Dundee’s ‘outer’ ring road was built in Find it on the map.When it was built, it was lined with fields.Since WW2, Dundee has continued to expand well to the north of the outer ring.
16 Land Use on the Outer Ring Road Why would these land uses locate on the outer ring road ?‘Beano’ and ‘Dandy’ produced here!
17 Outer City Housing : Council Estates peripheral housing estatesBuilt by the local authority in the late 20th centuryoften to re-house people from the inner city
18 Outer City Housing : Private Estates Low density private housing on the edge of the city1970s2003Large houses with modern amenities, spacious gardens and off street parking/garages
19 Outer City Industry : Industrial Estates Edge-of-city locationEasy accessModern, single-storey factorieslarge areas ofcheap landroom to expandnear to mainroadsLandscaped surroundings
20 The Rural Urban Fringe (1) city gives way to the countrysideAgriculture ‘competes’ with a wide range of land uses mainly serving the nearby city….or does countryside give way to the city?garden centressports clubs
21 The Rural Urban Fringe (2) new housingrecreationnew golf courses!