Nutrients Substances in foods that provide energy and materials for cell development, growth and repair.
Types of Nutrients Carbohydrates Proteins Fats Vitamins Minerals Water
Carbohydrates Source of energy Includes starch, cellulose, and sugar
Proteins Needed throughout your body for growth, as enzymes. Used for replacement and repair of body cells.
Fats Provides the body with energy and helps your body store vitamins. Types of Fats Saturated From animals Unsaturated From plants
Vitamins Essential, organic nutrients Needed in small quantities to help your body use other nutrients.
Vitamins VitaminHealth EffectFood Sources Agrowth, good eyesight, healthy skingreen/yellow vegetables, liver and fish liver oils, milk, yellow fruit Bgrowth, healthy nervous system, use of carbohydrates, red blood cell production meat, eggs, milk, cereal grains, green vegetables Cgrowth, healthy bones and teeth, wound healing citrus fruits, tomatoes, green leafy vegetables Dabsorption of calcium and phosphorus by bones and teeth milk, eggs, fish Eformation of cell membranesvegetable oils, eggs, grains Kblood clotting, wound healinggreen leafy vegetables, egg yolks, tomatoes
Minerals Inorganic nutrients Regulate many chemical reactions in your body
Water Most important factor for survival next to oxygen. Your body is about 70% water by weight.
The Old Food Pyramid Fats, Oils & Sweets USE SPARINGLY Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs & Nuts Group 2-3 SERVINGS Milk, Yogurt & Cheese Group 2-3 SERVINGS Vegetable Group 3-5 SERVINGS Fruit Group 2-4 SERVINGS Bread, Cereal, Rice & Pasta Group 6-11 SERVINGS
The New Food Pyramid http://mypyramid.govmypyramid.gov