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Draw a Venn Diagram and assign the details to “Fiction” or “Nonfiction.

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Presentation on theme: "Draw a Venn Diagram and assign the details to “Fiction” or “Nonfiction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Draw a Venn Diagram and assign the details to “Fiction” or “Nonfiction

2 Literary elements Main idea and details Read for entertainment Read for information, learning, or persuasion Mostly organized in sequence of plot events Can be organized in many different ways Preview using Title, cover Preview using text features Dialogue from characters Quotations from real people Paragraphs signal change in speaker, event, or location Paragraphs signal change in idea/topic

3 Draw a Venn Diagram and assign the details to “Fiction” or “Nonfiction

4 Apples vs. Oranges How are eating an apple and an orange different? How can this be used as an analogy for reading fiction and nonfiction differently?

5 Peeling the Orange… Reading nonfiction Before reading an magazine article, newspaper article, textbook, web article, etc… You must preview the text features

6 As a reader… Your job as a reader is to take notice of these text features before you read so that they help you predict what you will be reading. During reading, so that they help you understand the main ideas of the text. After reading, to understand why they were valuable to you, the reader.

7 TEXT FEATURES… We are going to focus on informational text, which is a type of literature whose purpose is to give information. To help readers understand the ideas in the text, authors of informational reading usually format their text with something called TEXT FEATURES, which you are probably familiar with.

8 Text Features are… --techniques that make text look different and stand out --used to make information easier to read and understand

9 Common Text Features Bulleted List --easily displays a list of items where the order of the items is not important Notice how the bullets on this recipe make the ingredients list easier to read.

10 Common Text Features Numbered List --easily displays a list of items where the order of the items is important

11 Common Text Features Headings --a “title” to show the main idea of an entire passage Subheadings --a “title” under the heading to further break that text into sections White Space --extra spaces between text to separate it into sections so the reader can find information easily heading subheading white space

12 Common Text Features graphics --visuals that help the reader understand concepts presented in the text (not just for show) -- include maps, charts, pictures, diagrams, tables, timelines captions --text under a graphic that gives an explanation of the graphic map timeline chart table diagram

13 Common Text Features Columns --vertical (up and down) sections of text that are easier to read than text that stretches across the entire page --separated by white space

14 Notice the font effects used in this paragraph about instant messaging etiquette. IMs are meant to be casual, but it's a real turn-off when messages are FULL of typos. It's not a test, but you want people to understand you. It may help to slow down and think a little before typing. Don't be haughty, either. It's not your job to criticize someone else's typing, unless it's really horrible. Remember, you're using an IM to communicate. If you're not communicating, what's the point? Common Text Features Font changes --different ways to make words look different and add emphasis to certain words --includes bold print, different colored fonts, italics, underlining, ALL CAPS

15 Common Text Features Sidebar --a box of text that gives you side information related to the topic of the text you are reading; sometimes this is additional information; sometimes it is interesting facts or trivia about your topic Notice this web page of a software company features a sidebar to the left to show the reader key features of the software.

16 TEXT FEATURES SCAVENGER HUNT… Your assignment is to cut, glue (just a dot), and label examples of text features from a newspaper and/or magazine onto a piece of construction paper. You must have 10 separate cut-outs; you cannot find more than one text feature per cut-out. You will be scored on participation and cooperation. Use your notes to help you find examples of the 10 text features.

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