2 Learning Goal:Demonstrate communication and refusal skills in building and maintaining healthy relationships
3 Health SkillsHealth Skills, or Life skills, are specific tools and strategies that help you maintain, protect and improve all aspects of your life. Activity: In your groups, create a list of all the health skills you can think of. Brainstorm with your group and think about what skills are necessary to maintain, protect and improve ALL aspects of your life…
4 Interpersonal SkillsInterpersonal Communication, or the exchange of thoughts, feelings, and beliefs between two or more people, is a vital health skill.
5 Effective Communication Was that an example of effective communication? What did you observe that was ineffective? How could that conversation been classified as effective communication? What skills do you think are necessary to achieve effective communication?
6 Effective Communication Use “I” messages to state your position. This helps to avoid placing blame. Use a respectful tone. Be mindful of facial expressions and gestures. Avoid interrupting the speaker. Show that you are listening by asking questions and nodding. Do you do this with your friends? Teachers? Parents? And most importantly, be honest!
7 Communication: The Ball’s in Your Court Activity: Work with one or two people in your group. Each pair or 3 should read the following passage on page 29 When Mark arrives late at the basketball court, his friend Phillipe throws the ball at him, shouting, “You’re a half hour late!” “Well, excuse me, Mr. Punctual, “ Mark laughs. “You’re never on time. It’s like you assume I have nothing better to do than wait around for you, “Phillipe says. “Sorry, bud, but some things came up, “Mark answers. “Yeah? Well, I’m outta here. “Phillipe throws up his hands and turns to walk away. “Wait, let me explain, “ Mark says calmly. Phillipe hesitates, wondering how to respond.
8 Communication: The Ball’s in Your Court cont… Answer the following questions:What would you do?How can Mark and Phillipe use effective communication skills to continue their discussion more effectively? Write an ending to this scenario, using the guidelines below.Use “I” messages.Speak calmly and clearly, using a respectful tone.Listen carefully, and ask appropriate questions.Show appropriate body language.Any volunteers care to share?
9 Refusal skillsRefusal Skills are communication strategies that can help you say no when you are urged to take part in behaviors that are unsafe or unhealthful, or that go against your values.Please pay attention tothe scenario?
10 Refusal SkillsSay “NO” in a firm voice Explain why. Tell them it goes against your values. Suggest something else. Use appropriate body language. Look them in the eye. Leave if necessary. Did our volunteer do this?
11 So you now know how to manage others with communication and refusal skills, but what about managing myself???
12 Learning GoalUnderstand how the decisions you make daily impact your ability to manage yourself in a positive or negative way
13 Personal SkillsPracticing Self-Management. Making good choices today will benefit you later in life. Exercising, eating well, maintaining relationships, building self-esteem. Activity: Imagine I am a genie. I have the ability to grant you 3 wishes. You have exactly 1 minute to write down 3 wishes (can’t wish for more wishes). What did you wish for? Why?
14 Self ManagementRead the “Letter from a Doctor” to the class. Imagine this letter is addressed to you… Dear ____________________________, I regret that I have bad news for you. As you recall, we ran a number of medical tests last week. The results of those tests have been returned to me. Unfortunately, they confirm that you have a terminal disease. I have consulted a number of experts, and all agree that there is no cure or treatment for your disease. You can except to live for another two weeks or, at most, two months. Yours sincerely, L.L. Lessen, M.D.
15 Self ManagementAfter reading the letter take a good look at the 3 wishes you wrote down.Does this news change your 3 wishes at all?If you want to change anything based on the news you received, do it now.Does anyone want to share what they changed?
16 Self Management-If this news you received were true, are you happy with your healthful behaviors? -Would you change any behaviors in your life? -Did the 3 wishes activity make you think about things any differently?
18 Learning GoalAnalyze stress in your life and create strategies to reduce the overall negative effects of that stress.
19 Stress!What is stress? Based on what you just watched, get into your groups and write a definition of stress.
20 StressAll stress is a response to a stressor, or a physical or psychological demand that requires a person to adapt to a situation.Balloon Activity: Take out a piece of paper and draw a circle. Inside of the circle, write all of the stressors in your life.
21 StressThe air in the balloon is equal to the stress in your life. Did the balloon pop? Could it? What might happen to a person’s wellness if stress goes unmanaged? What strategies are effective in managing stress? (1 effective strategy equals a puff out of the balloon)
22 Stress TestTake a copy of the “Stress Test” and pick the two biggest stressors in your life. Answer the questions. Get with a partner and share what you wrote. Make suggestions or comments on your partner’s strategies to manage the stress.
23 Stress TestDirections: Identify two specific stressors in your life. Write a word or phrase to identify each stressor on one of the lines below.1. Choose one of the stressors you named and answer the following questions.A. what details help explain this stressor ?B. how do you feel about this stressor ?C. why do you feel stress in response to this person, thing, event, or situation?D. What unsuccessful efforts have you made to manage this stressor?2. List 3 specific strategies you can use to manage or cope with the stressor.
24 High Level Stressors Death of a parent Divorce of parents Break-ups Getting a jobMoney TroubleFailing at schoolParent losing jobLoss of a petMovingIllness
25 Low Level Stressors Vacation Christmas or other holidays Change in eating habitsChange in sleeping habitsTraffic ticketChange in personal appearanceEnding of school
26 Physical Effects of Stress What can stress do to the body? Rapid, shallow breathing Pounding of the heart Increased blood pressure Sweating Dizziness Sleeplessness Loss of Appetite Weight loss/Weight gain Substance abuse
27 Psychological Effects of Stress AnxietyDepressionImpulsive behaviorLow self-esteemAvoiding activitiesInability to concentrateLoss of energyLoss of joy
28 Stress/Self Management Keeping balance in your life by practicing stress management and self-management will help overall wellness…