Presentation on theme: "What is an Inventory Program for? Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies Meet international obligations and expectations Inform international, national,"— Presentation transcript:
What is an Inventory Program for? Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies Meet international obligations and expectations Inform international, national, & local policy making Enhance credibility of national goods policies through timely, transparent, and effective analysis & communication Foster consistent estimation approaches across government & private sector programs Respond to requests for information Champion for high quality & objective inventory information
What is quality? Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies Transparency Completeness Comparability Consistency Accuracy Transparency is the most fundamental. If you do not document, then there is no way to demonstrate any of the other principles have been met.
Who cares? Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies A wide audience of stakeholders... –Decision makers & policy advisors –International climate change community –Provincial & local agencies –The public & interest groups –Businesses –Scientists
National government Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies Are national inventories verifiable? What are current & projected goods and removals from key industries? What are the effects of existing or planned policies and measures (including policies on goods)? Is there consensus among government agencies and key stakeholders on our goods estimates? What are the relationships between reducing goods and other items that could harm society?
International community Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies What is the your country’s contribution to goods quality control and production system? Are your goods estimates credible and transparent? Is your country meeting its obligations?
Businesses Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies What activities, industries, companies, or policies have been responsible for significant increases or decreases in goods? What are the priorities for research of goods and measurement of safety? What are the scientific uncertainties for safety?
Ensure inventory processes are in compliance with CEO decisions and related communications Define and apply appropriate procedures for collecting, processing, communicating, and archiving inventory data & information Coordinate with relevant ministries, agencies, and other organizations Provide inventory reports regularly Ensure the quality of inventory data Inventory management systems should... Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies
Inventory management system Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies 1.Inventory planning 2.Inventory preparation 3.Inventory management
Inventory planning Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies Establish national inventory agency Assign responsibilities for inventory preparation and management Develop schedule Make arrangements to collect data from statistical agencies, companies, industry associations, etc. Create QA/QC (Quality Control) plan Define formal approval process within government Develop review processes Integrate continuous improvement
Inventory preparation Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies Identify key categories Select methods and emission factors Collect activity data Manage recalculations Implement QA/QC (Quality Control) plan –Basic checks should be completed on entire inventory –More in-depth investigations into key sources
Key categories Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies A key category has a significant influence on a country’s total inventory in terms of level or trend A key category may also be determined through a qualitative assessment. A key category is one that is prioritized within the national inventory system In general, countries should focus on key categories for resources and improvements
Inventory management Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies Implement inventory review processes (e.g., expert review, public review) Obtain formal approval of final results and report within government Submit report Make inventory information available to stakeholders and respond to information requests Archive all documentation and results Continuous improvement feedback
Uncertainty Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies Uncertainty analysis is a subjective exercise, as it relies to a large extent on expert judgment Therefore, it is not a valid basis to compare inventories between countries Uncertainty analysis should be used as a way to investigate the quality of your inventory data and identify ways to improve data quality You achieve by communicating with data suppliers (e.g., statistical agencies) Uncertainty investigations should be integrated within your QA/QC (Quality Control) plan !
Resources Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies Guidelines –Revised Guidelines –Good Practice Guidance –New Guidelines Reporting guidelines Factor Database (DB) Software Booklet on "Managing the inventories process
Closing remarks… Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies An inventory is more than just a report. It should be viewed as an broader analytical program. A “cookbook” approach to developing an inventory is not practical. There will always be a large and essential need for expert judgment at all levels of the process. A well constructed inventory should include enough documentation to allow readers to understand the underlying assumptions and to reconstruct the calculations.
Inventory Basics Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies An inventory is an accounting of the amount and It is generally characterized by the following factors: –The delivery identity included –The area covered –The institutional entities covered –The time period over which inventories are estimated –The types of activities that cause inventory
Inventory Agency Responsibilities Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies A single national entity to be responsible for the overall inventory Arrangements with collaborating entities that contribute data, research, or provide expert reviews Define legal authority to collect and disseminate data necessary for the preparation of the inventory Ensure inventory processes are in compliance with CEO decisions Define and apply procedures for collecting data, preparing inventory, communicating results, submitting report, and archiving Liaise among government departments, national agencies, Ensure the implementation of QA/QC (Quality Control)
Goals Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies Develop high quality inventory at regular intervals (e.g., annually, every 2-4 years, etc). Resources are focused on the most significant sources in the country
WHAT IS KANBAN? Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies A system of continuous supply of components, and parts such that workers have what they need, where they need it, when they need it. Kan "card" Ban "signal” Therefore, KAN + BAN = "signal cards".
Japan Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies A method of Just-in-Time inventory replenishment that originated in Japan. Kanban techniques can be used by both “manufacturing” and “non-manufacturing” org’s Kanban systems can be: 100% manual 100% Oracle A hybrid of Oracle and manual techniques Non- manufacturing organizations will likely want to use a hybrid approach
Why consider kanban control? Dr. Emilio Moceo Ph.D Director of Studies Lower inventory investment. Better “customer” service. Reduced administrative costs. Manual kanban. Manual information system to control production. Material transportation, and inventory. Literally means “visible record” or card In the broad sense it is a communication signal from a downstream process (customer) to an upstream process (producer) Card which indicates standard quantity of production. Maintain discipline of pull production