Presentation on theme: "Describing Motion: Speed & Velocity. What Is Motion? Motion is when an object changes place or position. To properly describe motion, you need to use."— Presentation transcript:
What Is Motion? Motion is when an object changes place or position. To properly describe motion, you need to use the following: Start and end position? Movement relative to what? How far did it go? In what direction did it go?
What Is Speed? Speed is the distance an object travels in a certain amount of time. To calculate speed, you use the following formula: Speed (s) = Distance (d) Time (t)
Speed Math Problem Suppose you ran 2 km in 10 min. What is your speed? S = 2 km = 0.2 km/min 10 min
Another Problem What is the speed of a car traveling 144 km in 90 minutes per hour?
Solution How many hours are in 90 minutes? There are 60 minutes in 1 hour; therefore 90 minutes equals 1.5 hours 144 km = 96 km/h 1.5 hours
Ways To Calculate Speed Constant speed is when you are traveling at the same rate of speed Average speed is taking the total distance traveled, and dividing by the total time it takes. Instantaneous speed is the speed at any one given point in time.
Average Speed What is the AVERAGE speed of the bass boat depicted in the graph?
Average Speed Average Speed = 125 meters = 15.6 m/s 8 seconds
Instantaneous Speed What is the instantaneous speed of the bass boat at t=7 seconds?
Speed Graphs In what time period is the bass boat speeding up? In what time period is the bass boat slowing down? When is the speed NOT changing?
Velocity Velocity is the speed of an object, but the direction is also included. It is calculated the same as speed, but you must include a direction in your answer. Example: the bass boat was moving 12 mph toward the north.
Velocity Problem Indicate which of the following are velocities: a.125 cm/sec b.30 km/h northwest c.350m/sec north d.520 km/h
Velocity Problem Indicate which of the following are velocities: a.125 cm/secno b.30 km/h northwestyes c.350m/sec northyes d.520 km/hno
Acceleration Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity. A change in velocity can be either a change in speed, or direction, or both. Can have a positive or negative acceleration.