Presentation on theme: "KWL Take a minute to discuss with a friend/ jot down your KWL thoughts What do I KNOW about AP Language and Composition? What do I WANT to know? When you."— Presentation transcript:
KWL Take a minute to discuss with a friend/ jot down your KWL thoughts What do I KNOW about AP Language and Composition? What do I WANT to know? When you finish this power point presentation, you will conclude with what you LEARNED.
Introduction to Advanced Placement Language and Composition East View High School Tamara Scholtz
What is the AP Program? The Advanced Placement program was begun by the College Board in 1955 to construct standard achievement exams that would allow highly motivated students the opportunity to be awarded advanced placement as freshmen in colleges and universities in the United States. The course allows students to write in a variety of forms and on a variety of subjects. Also when students read, they should become aware of how stylistic effects are achieved by writers’ linguistic choices.
What does the AP stand for? AP stands for Advanced Placement This class is a preparation for college.
Why should a student take an AP course? Currently college students have a 33% chance of graduating in America. The AP program hired a researcher to track how AP students do in college. AP students, regardless of AP exam score (and after only taking 1 class), increase that chance to 85%. There is a significant gain just from the experience of taking a rigorous class, regardless of performance on the exam.
How is the AP Language Exam Organized? The exam has two parts and is scheduled to last 3 ¼ hours. The first section is a set of multiple-choice questions based on a series of prose passages (usually 4). A student will have 1 hour to complete this part of the test. All selections are non-fiction. There are usually approximately 55 questions. The second section of the exam is a 2-hour essay writing segment consisting of three different essays. Students are given 15 minutes to read the essay materials prior to writing.
How is the exam scored? The multiple-choice section counts for 45% of the total score, and the essay section counts for 55%. The raw score of the multiple- choice section and the raw scoring of the essay section are converted into the AP grade of 5, 4, 3, 2, or 1. Check with individual colleges to see what scores, if any, are accepted. http://collegesearch.coll egeboard.com/apcredit policy/index.jsp
#1: The synthesis essay In a synthesis essay the student synthesizes at least four sources. Some come from magazines and others from newspapers. Some are cartoons or graphs or visuals. A synthesis essay is really a miniature informational research paper. The student must take the different ideas from the sources and put the ideas together into a new, cohesive essay that informs the reader about a central subject. This essay will test a student’s organizational skills, his/her understanding of other material, and ability to balance more than one source in an essay--all skills that are necessary to writing a successful research paper.
Essay #2: Rhetorical Analysis Generally, students are presented with a prose passage that can be drawn from various genres and time periods. Although the specific tasks asked of the students vary from year to year, they almost always involve analysis of language, primarily rhetorical strategies and devices. Rhetorical strategies are the strategies a writer uses to persuade his audience. Devices are the linguistic choices a writer makes for various specific effects.
The rhetorical analysis essay The College Board wants to determine a student’s facility with reading, understanding, and analyzing challenging texts. They also want to assess how well s/he manipulates language to communicate the written analysis of a specific topic to a mature audience. AP is looking for connections between analysis and the passage. How does an author use language and what is the effect?
Final essay: Argument While the second essay asks students to assess the argument of another, the third requires students to write their own. A student has to make a claim and then provide evidence to prove it.
How are the essays scored? The grading is done with a rubric, which is a scoring guide for the essay. Graders are trained to reward a student for things s/he does well. They are aware of the time constraints of 40 minutes per essay. The top score on the rubric is a 9. This is an impressive essay. Next is an 8, 7, and 6. These are top scores. A 5 means that you understand the prompt but the essay is limited or uneven. The scores of 4, 3, 2, and 1 are inadequate responses. For a student to score well, he or she must analyze, interpret, argue cogently, and demonstrate stylistic maturity.
Our Class… Will prepare students for the exam, –(If you chose to take this course, I will assume that you choose to take the AP test) Will encompass the TEKS required by the state of Texas Will be more work and more difficult work than CORE classes Will not TOTALLY focus on the exam, Will challenge students to look at writing in new ways, Will challenge students to view images, ads, cartoons, speeches in new ways...
Will make them think, and Will drive them crazy! But we’ll have fun getting there!