Presentation on theme: "The Five Themes of Geography"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Five Themes of Geography How geographers look at the worldGeography is the study of earth and its people.
2 Why study geography?To understand more about the changing world we live inTo learn more about the people and cultures of the world so that we can better understand each otherTo evaluate the connection between the earth and those who live on itIt is just another way to explain the world we live in.
3 What are the Five Themes of Geography? The concepts or ideas that geographers use to study the world and the people that inhabit it.They are all connectedUse all five themes to truly understand the geography of a place
4 Asks the question: Where is it? LocationAsks the question: Where is it?Here’s Madagascar!
5 Can be absolute location, which uses a system to find an exact spot on the earth. Examples: latitude and longitude, street address with zip codes, GPS, map coordinates
6 My friend lives about two blocks south from me. Can be relative location, which uses descriptions to find places on the earth.Example: I buy coffee at McDonalds on the same side of the street as Desert Foothills Park.My friend lives about two blocks south from me.Other examples?
7 Place Asks: What are the characteristics of a location? Describes what it is like thereFor example: How would you describe the physical and human features of the Foothills? Any other ideas?
8 Can be physical features Climate – temperature, rainfall, aridLandforms – plateaus, plains, desertTopography - elevationFlora - plantsFauna - animalsResources – copper, gemstones
9 Can be human characteristics Such as population statistics, economic activities, religion, language, government
10 How do people, goods and ideas get from one place to another? MovementHow do people, goods and ideas get from one place to another?
11 Examples of movement Shipping products or goods between countries Migration of people to new areasBuying clothes over the internetFlying overseas to visit your relativesComing to school on the bus this morningUrban sprawlWhat are some other ideas?
12 Human Environment Interaction To insert this slide into your presentationSave this template as a presentation (.ppt file) on your computer.Open the presentation that will contain the image slide.On the Slides tab, place your insertion point after the slide that will precede the image slide. (Make sure you don't select a slide. Your insertion point should be between the slides.)On the Insert menu, click Slides from Files.In the Slide Finder dialog box, click the Find Presentation tab.Click Browse, locate and select the presentation that contains the image slide, and then click Open.In the Slides from Files dialog box, select the image slide.Select the Keep source formatting check box. If you do not select this check box, the copied slide will inherit the design of the slide that precedes it in the presentation.Click Insert.Click Close.How do we use the earth? How have we changed the earth?
13 Examples of HEI Growing cotton in Arizona Mining copper in Bisbee, ArizonaHiking up South MountainFishing on Canyon LakeCars consuming gasoline and polluting the airAltadeña Middle School built out of brickCutting down trees in the Rain Forest so homes can be builtWhat are some other ideas?
14 Region How is this place similar to other places? Are there common characteristics?
15 There are two different types of regions: Physical characteristics –southwest region, Amazon Rainforest, Valley of the Sun, Chinatown, Middle East, Roman Empire, and desertCultural characteristics – language ex. Spanish, religion ex. Buddhist, government ex. democracy,Regions can overlap!
16 Know these themes! Definitions Examples Questions they answer We will use them throughout the year as we analyze the different areas of the world!