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Astronomy Science vocabulary:

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Presentation on theme: "Astronomy Science vocabulary:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Astronomy Science vocabulary:
Comets, meteoroids, asteroids, phases of the moon, eclipses

2 Comets N Often referred to as “Dirty snowballs”, comets are a small body of ice, rock and cosmic dust Comets move around the Sun in Elliptical orbits When a comet passes close enough to the sun, solar radiation heats the water ice so that the comet gives off gas and dust in the form of a long tail Comets always point away from the sun

3 Comet’s Tail

4 Comets N Halley’s comet becomes visible to the unaided eye every 76 yrs as it nears the Sun. The Sun converts some of its gases into charged particles (ions), which stream away forming an ion tail.

5 Asteroids N Asteroids are large rocky bodies in orbit around the sun.
Most asteroids have orbits that lie between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter Dangerous to us? Asteroid Ida is 55 miles long & orbits in the asteroid belt

6 Meteoroids N Meteoroids are similar to Asteroids but much smaller in size. If a meteoroid enters the Earth’s atmosphere, it is called a meteorite. A Meteoroid entering the Earth’s atmosphere travels at great speeds, which heats up its surface and melts.

7 Meteors N This melting makes the meteoroid glow red hot and give off tons of light. We see this as “a shooting star”. The bright streak of light caused by a meteoroid or comet dust burning up in the atmosphere is called a meteor.

8 Meteor Showers Question on video: “Meteor Showers” occur when Earth passes through the dusty debris left behind in the orbit of a comet N

9 Eclipses – Where R U ? N Eclipses occur when the shadow of an object in the sky (ex. Moon, Earth) falls on another object Two types of Total Eclipses: Lunar Eclipse – Moon is hidden Solar Eclipse – Sun is hidden Sometimes only a part of the Sun or Moon is hidden and this is a Partial Eclipse

10 Lunar Eclipse N Occurs when the Moon passes through some portion of the Earth’s shadow. The shadow caused by an eclipse is an UMBRA The moon appears red as it receives some light reflected off the Earth. Happens at night

11 Next Lunar eclipse in US
April 14-15th in 2014

12 Solar Eclipse Next in US on August 17th, 2017 N Occurs at New moon, when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth Happens during the day.

13 Corona The outer atmosphere of the Sun is called the Corona.
It is the only part of the Sun seen during a total eclipse. Solar eclipses can cause serious damage to the eyes if observed directly.

14 Complete the worksheet
Draw the positions of the Moon, Sun and Earth during a Lunar eclipse and a Solar eclipse

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