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Characteristics of Gothic Literature Literary Genres.

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Presentation on theme: "Characteristics of Gothic Literature Literary Genres."— Presentation transcript:

1 Characteristics of Gothic Literature Literary Genres

2 When did it become popular? Later 18th Century Started with a “Gothic Revival” -- mid-1700’s Visible in gardens Seen in architecture (gargoyles) of the Middle Ages.

3 When did it become popular? cont. The term gothic was first used as a Medieval, architectural term to describe a style of building that included gargoyles, scenes of Hell, and souls in torment.

4 Application to literature Any kind of romantic, scary novel Came from Germany in the late 1700’s - early 1800’s Popular among female writers Became best sellers! htm

5 Famous Gothic Writers Ann Radcliffe - The Mysteries of Udolpho Jane Austen -- Northanger Abbey (parody of Gothic novels) Charlotte Bronte -- Jane Eyre Emily Bronte -- Wuthering Heights Shirley Jackson, Daphne du Maurier, Barbara Michaels, Anne Rice

6 Famous Gothic Writers - cont’d. Edgar Allen Poe Steven King FF-2002-Fri-Nite-Program.htm http://www.1001- =fr

7 Characteristics Usually set in Medieval times Dark, mysterious, evil tone Dark castles, palaces, chambers, haunted mansions Isolated setting All come together to emphasize the sense of evil m

8 More characteristics Presence of ghosts, spirits, vampires, and other supernatural entities Mysterious disappearances and reappearances Supernatural or paranormal occurrences

9 Characteristics -- cont’d. Religion, usually Christianity or at least spirituality, is confronted. A gothic “double” is used in which a character who seems to be good is linked with another who is evil GOTHIC%20CHAPBOOKSX.HTM

10 More characteristics Blood, pain, death Cruelty Eroticism Characters with “aberrant psychological states” Events are “uncanny, macabre, or melodramatically violent bordering between reality and unreality e/hauntedcastle/hc.html

11 A classic Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1818) Single most important product of this tradition Themes relate to science, poetry, psychology, alienation, politics, education, family relationships, etc. Tradition: 8-foot tall monster made of separate body pieces WVLC%20BOOK/Frank...

12 Influence felt elsewhere Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Coleridge-- skeleton ship and the crew’s reaction Christabel by Coleridge-- atmosphere, setting, and fragmentary plot of seduction and witchery Manfred by Byron -- initial scene (dramatic poem) The Eve of St. Agnes by Keats -- setting ariner4.jpg

13 Purpose To evoke “terror” versus “horror” in the reader because of situations bordering reality/unreality Often used to teach a message May lack a Medieval setting but will develop an atmosphere of gloom and terror

14 Differentiating between the two Horror “An awful apprehension” Described distinctly Something grotesque So appalling, unrealistic Depends on physical characteristics Terror “A sickening realization” Suggestive of what will happen Depends on reader’s imagination Sense of uncertainty Creates an “intangible atmosphere of spiritual psychic dread”

15 A Little about Robert Louis Stevenson Born in 1850 Raised to be a lighthouse engineer Was in poor health throughout his childhood, so he was kept indoors most of the time. Famous for Treasure Island (1881-1882) The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886)

16 American Gothic Important from the mid-18th Century on Related to “Romantic Period” Criticizes “national myth of new- world innocence by voicing the cultural contradictions that undermine the nation’s claim to purity and equality” - Teresa A. Goddu Tells of historical horrors that make national identity 20gothic.jpg

17 Southern Gothic Customary setting because it’s the source of values not necessarily welcome in the rest of the country Poe was the first Southern gothic writer Common themes: race, alienation, sense of “otherness” http://www.madelinecarolgall 0Plantation.jpg

18 Cyber gothic literature Situations seem unrealistic during this time period but possible in the future Dark setting Nothing natural; all man-made Characters’ bodies are often altered, making them less human-like Based on knowledge and a “technologically enhanced future” http://darklands.ivory- ceid=17&meid=-1

19 Your assignment Work in groups of 4-5 Take turns around the circle creating a “gothic” story - campfire style - 3-5 mins. in length Take notes and write down key plot points Write down gothic elements included Be prepared to share with the class next time we meet. s/artist_4/the_pit_and_the_pendulum.jpg

20 Sources of text 2.html 2.html _2/welcome.htm _2/welcome.htm And others

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