2 Your Heart, Lungs, and Circulation Aerobic activitiesContinuous activity that requires large amounts of oxygen.Term to KnowThe word aerobic means “with oxygen.”Done regularly, aerobic activity strengthens the heart and the lungs.
3 Your Circulatory System Consists of the heart, blood, and blood vessels.Term to KnowTo understand how aerobic activities work, you need to have some knowledge of the circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system.This system is responsible for circulating blood throughout the body.
4 Your Circulatory System The heart is the main organ of the circulatory system.The right side of the heart pumps blood to the lungs, where it picks up oxygen and rids itself of carbon dioxide.The left side of the heart pumps oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body.
5 Your Circulatory System HemoglobinAn iron-rich compound in the blood that helps carry the oxygen.Term to KnowThe blood carries oxygen via hemoglobin.
6 Your Circulatory System Stroke volumeThe amount of blood pumped per beat of the heart.Term to KnowWhen at rest, the heart beats an average of 72 times per minute.Your heart rate and stroke volume increase during strenuous physical activity.
7 Your Circulatory System Blood is carried to and from the heart via a network of blood vessels.There are three types of blood vessels: arteries, capillaries, and veins.
8 Your Circulatory System ArteriesVessels that carry the blood from the heart to the major extremities, such as the arms, legs, and head.Term to KnowArteries are blood vessels that carry blood to the body tissues.
9 Your Circulatory System CapillariesSmaller blood vessels that deliver oxygen and other nutrients to individual cells.Term to KnowCapillaries are blood vessels that carry blood throughout the body.
10 Your Circulatory System VeinsBlood vessels that deliver blood back to the heart.Term to KnowVeins are blood vessels that deliver blood from the capillaries back to the heart via the lungs.
11 Your Circulatory System Respiratory systemThe body system that exchanges gases between your body and the environment.Term to KnowThe oxygen that your blood carries is introduced into your body by means of your respiratory system.
12 Your Circulatory System The principal organ of your respiratory system is your lungs.Your lungs exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide through the process of respiration.
13 Your Circulatory System DiaphragmA muscle found between the chest cavity and abdomen.Term to KnowUnlike the heart, the lungs are not a muscle.Rather, they get their power from the diaphragm, the intercostal muscles around the ribs, and the abdominal muscles in the lower stomach area.
14 Your Circulatory System Benefits of Aerobic ActivityStrengthens the bodyIncreases stroke volumeLowers your resting heart rateConditions the muscles used in breathingResults in more effective delivery of oxygen
15 Your Circulatory System Cardiorespiratory enduranceThe ability of the body to work continuously for extended periods of time.Term to KnowOne long-term result of regular physical activity is cardiorespiratory endurance.
16 Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Physical Activities There are two sides to total fitness:cardiorespiratory fitnessanaerobic fitness
17 Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Physical Activities Anaerobic activityActivity that requires high levels of energy and is done for only a few seconds or minutes at a high level of intensity.Term to KnowAerobic activity must occur over a sustained period of time; anaerobic activity works differently.
18 Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Physical Activities Anaerobic means “without oxygen.”The energy produced in anaerobic activities does not depend on oxygen.
19 Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Physical Activities anaerobic fitnessHigher levels of muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility.Term to KnowParticipation in anaerobic activities leads to anaerobic fitness.
20 Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Physical Activities Anaerobic activities require large amounts of energy, a requirement that your body cannot meet for very long.This is because your heart cannot supply enough oxygen-rich blood to your tissues and organs to meet the high demand.
21 Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Physical Activities When you can meet your energy needs by supplying large amounts of oxygen to your body, you are working primarily in an aerobic mode.If you cannot meet the oxygen demands of a high-intensity physical activity, your body is more conditioned to working anaerobically.
22 Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Physical Activities Interval trainingA program in which high-intensity physical activities alternate with low-intensity recovery bouts for several minutes at a time.Term to KnowInterval training can allow you to work aerobically and anaerobically in the same workout.