4 consonanceRepetition of consonant sounds at the ends of words
5 rhyme Repetition of sounds at the ends of words Example: cat, mat, fat, hat, etc.
6 denotation Dictionary meaning of a word Example: ‘house’ and ‘home’ could both be defined as a place to live‘Thin’ and ‘skinny’ both mean not overweight
7 connotation Feelings associated with a word Example: ‘House’ and ‘home’ are defined as a place to live, but ‘home’ seems more comforting than ‘house.’‘Skinny’ is not as positive sounding as ‘thin.’ ‘Thin’ seems more attractive.
8 metaphor Makes a direct comparison between unlike objects Example: “He is a monster.” You are not saying he is like a monster or that he looks like a monster, you are saying he and the monster are one in the same.
9 simile Comparison of unlike objects using ‘like’ or ‘as.’ Example: “She is as pretty as a picture.” You are not saying she and the picture are one in the same.“Clouds like cotton candy floated across the sky.” -- You are not saying the clouds are cotton candy; you are saying they are like cotton candy.
10 onomatopoeia Use of words to imitate sounds Example: animal sounds like ‘moo,’ ‘hiss,’ ‘meow,’ etc.
11 personification Giving something not human, human characteristics Examples: Arms of a chair; legs of a chair; face of a clockFurther example: “The sun raced across the sky.” (The sun is not human, so it cannot literally race.)
12 stanzasGroups of lines in a poem, considered as a unit – lines separated by white spaces
13 meterRegular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
14 Iambic pentameterLine of poetry that contains five iambs. (An iamb is a metrical foot – or unit of measure – that has one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.)