Presentation on theme: "Jump Start – In your notebook!"— Presentation transcript:
1 Jump Start – In your notebook! 1. In the early 1800s, urbanization was mainly the result of the –Shortage of land for new farmsFederally funded national roadsImpact of industrializationMigration of Native American Indians2. Prior to 1850, what was the primary reason that the North developed an economy increasingly based on manufacturing while the South continued to rely more on an agricultural-based economy? (Remember: agriculture is farming!)Protective tariffs applied only to Northern seaports.Slavery in the North promoted rapid economic growth.Manufacturers failed to make a profit in the South.Geographic conditions supported different types of economic activity.3. An increase in the number of factories in the early—1800s in the United States contributed to—An increase in the urban populationAn increase in dependence on foreign laborsA decrease in the amount of water and air pollutionA decrease in dependence on steam power
2 Monroe Video- Stepping Stones Each pair of students has15 vocabulary squares that will be used in the Monroe video clip.Listen for the words as they occur in the narration.As you hear the words come up, move the vocabulary squares on the desk so that they are arranged in order of occurrence (first used to last used).When the video clip is done, you will use the ordered vocabulary as stepping stones to retell the content to one another.You will then come up with a written summary together. All words must be used.
3 Labeling Directions for the Map Circle both Missouri and Maine in red.Write “slave state” inside Missouri and “free state” inside Maine.Highlight the 36’30 line. Draw an arrow to the bottom of the sheet and write “No slavery allowed ABOVE this line in the future.”Color the free states BLUE, and add the color blue next to the “Free States” label on your key in the bottom left.Color the slave states GREEN, and add the color green next to the “Slave States” label on your key in the bottom left.Color the free territory ORANGE (this is the rest of the Louisiana Purchase), and add the color orange next to the “Free Territory” label on your key in the bottom left.Color the slave territory PURPLE (this is the “Arkansas Territory), and add the color purple next to the “Slave Territory” label on your key in the bottom left.CROSS OUT THE “UNORGANIZED TERRITORY” LABEL.
4 JUMPSTARTYou will have 10 minutes to finish your map. Use the map on page 342.Make sure you glue it into your notebook.AREACOLORFree StatesBLUEFree TerritoriesAny color not usedSlave StatesGREENSlave TerritoriesPURPLE
6 James Monroe 5th President Virginia Democratic-Republican Ran unopposed during the election of 1816Federalist collapsed after War of 1812No political struggles for power
7 Era of Good Feelings NATIONALISM CLAY’S AMERICAN SYSTEM Nationalism- pride toward one’s countryPeriod characterized by lack of political disruption and economic growthPeople started shifting loyalty toward the federal governmentHenry Clay wanted the U.S. to be economically self-sufficient:Established a protective tariff- made foreign goods more expensiveEstablished a national bank- would promote a single currency and make trade easierImproved the country’s transportation system
8 Internal Improvements National Road- stretched from Maryland to IllinoisDesigned as the countries’ main east-west routeErie Canal- man-made water route between NYC and Buffalo New YorkOpened the Ohio River Valley and the Great Lakes to trade and settlementAllowed the flow of manufactured goods from east to westHelped NYC become the nation’s largest city
10 Supreme Courts helps Nationalism McCulloch vs. MarylandGibbons vs. OgdenMaryland wanted to tax its branch of the national bankIf allowed, states could claim power over the national govtCourt said NO!Promoted unity by strengthening the federal governmentTwo steamship operators fought over shipping rights between NY and NJCourt ruled that interstate commerce could only be regulated by the federal govtStronger federal government reflected growing nationalismVS
11 Missouri Compromise (1820) Missouri applies for statehoodWants slavery to be allowed11 free and 11 slave states currentlyMissouri would ruin the balanceSouth would have more power in CongressMaine admitted with Missouri as a free stateMaine = free stateMissouri = slave stateSlavery banned in future territories north of 36’30’’Henry Clay led compromiseMissouri Compromise (1820)
12 Growing National Boundaries Tense relations with SpainDisagreed over boundariesIndians in east Florida raiding GeorgiaMonroe sent Andrew Jackson to stop raidsJackson ended up claiming FloridaMonroe gave Spain a choice: police Florida or give it to usAdams Onis Treaty (1819)Spain gave the U.S. FloridaCreated new boundary lineSpain no longer claimed OregonNow only claimed by Britain and U.S.Growing National Boundaries
13 Sectionalism GrowsSectionalism: loyalty to the interests of your own region rather than the country as a wholeEconomic changes led to different interests and needs among the North, South, and WestThese interests often were in conflictNorth- wealth based on manufacturing and tradeSouth- plantation system and cottonWest- wanted cheap land and good transportation system
15 Monroe Doctrine (1823)Latin American colonies gained independence from Spain and PortugalSome European monarchs planned to help them get their colonies backU.S. felt threatenedDoctrine stated that:Americas were closed to European colonizationU.S. would stay out of European affairsShowed that U.S. considered itself a world power