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Development. How much do Americans spend on Cosmetics?

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Presentation on theme: "Development. How much do Americans spend on Cosmetics?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Development

2 How much do Americans spend on Cosmetics?

3 Answer $8 billion dollars!!!

4 How much does it cost to build schools for the 2 billion people who need it?

5 Answer $6 billion dollars

6 How much do Europeans spend on Ice Cream?

7 Answer $11 billion dollars

8 How much would it cost to provide working people with a toilet to the 2 billion people without them in their homes?

9 Answer $9 billion dollars

10 Development The goal of development is to: – Close the disparity between wealthy and poor countries. How: by increasing wealth for poor countries and use that wealth to make more rapid improvements in people’s health and well- being

11 Human Development Index Countries are measured on a spectrum of developments. They are measured using three factors: – Standard of living – Access to knowledge – Life expectation and health GDP, Literacy and Education, Life expectancy


13 Inequality within Countries HDI- scores a country holistically however errors in the true measurement can exist IHDI- Inequality-adjusted HDI If IHDI is lower than HDI measurement it means there is a greater development gap within the country. Very few: very wealthy, educated, healthy, etc.


15 Developed vs. Developing


17 Development

18 How do we measure development? Standard of living Access to knowledge Health

19 First Measurement: Standard of Living People in MDC’s make a much higher income, on all levels, than those in LDC’s Gross National Income- the value of the output of goods and services produced in a country in a year, including money that leaves and enters a country. GDP- is the same except it does not calculate the incoming/outgoing money. GNI- $40,000 in Developed and $5,000 in developing


21 How people earn their income is important There are three sectors of jobs: – Primary- agriculture – Secondary- manufacturing – Tertiary- services Most people in developing countries are employed in Primary or secondary jobs. Held with the responsibility to grown their own food they cannot work to make additional money.

22 Productivity With the lack of technological innovation/ availability, people in developing countries are saddled with the task of completing work with a high *value added* Produce less with more effort

23 Consumer Goods

24 Vital to the growth of countries are goods and services related to communications. Telephones enhance interaction between buyers and sellers and computers help to share information and communicated easily. 150 phones/100ppl (Developed) 60 phones/100ppl (Developing)



27 Second Measurement: Access to Knowledge People in developed countries complete more years of school Developed countries have lower pupil/teacher ratios and higher literacy

28 Quality of Schooling Considered to be the greatest/most influential indicator of development. Years of schooling: – MDC’s:11 – LDC’s: 6 Expected years of schooling: – MDC’s: 16 – LDC’s: 11



31 Pupil/teacher ratio: – MDC’s: 15pp/teacher – LDC’s: 30pp/teacher Literacy rates: MDC’s: 99% LDC’s: 90% East Asia and Latin America 70% sub-Saharan Africa/South Asia


33 Third Measurement: Health People live longer and are healthier in developed countries Developed countries spend more on health care

34 Life Expectancy


36 Health Care Access The greater wealth that is generated in developed countries is used in part to obtain health care. Healthier populations can be more economically productive. Immunization: – MDC’s: 93% – LDC’s: 83%

37 Women!!!!!!!

38 Gender-Related Development The status of women is lower than that of men in every country. GII- Gender Inequality Index Measures the inequality between men and women in a country. Uses three measurements: Reproductive Health Empowerment Labor

39 Empowerment Two indicators of empowerment: – Percentage of seats held by women in the national legislature. – Percentage of women who have completed high school


41 Labor Women in developed countries are more likely to hold a full-time job than those in developing.


43 Reproductive Health Two indicators: – Maternal Mortality Ratio- number of women who dies giving birth per 1,000 – Adolescent Fertility Rate: number of births per 1,000 women age 15-19 – Reproductive health is the largest contributor to gender inequality. – United States scores poorly in both empowerment and teen births


45 Ted Talks: Hans puts it all together tate#t-410399 tate#t-410399

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