Presentation on theme: "Using Career Clusters In Career Development"— Presentation transcript:
1 Using Career Clusters In Career Development Presented byBelinda McCharen, Ed.D., LPC, NCC, NCCCTuttle Endowed Chair for Occupational StudiesCollege of EducationOklahoma State University
2 So Why Are We Here?I find this is a confusing time…..how do we make all the changes required today?What is a plan of study and how do we design it in this new CTE format? We need to stop and think about our mission.
3 Essential QuestionsWhy are we using career clusters, career pathways and programs of study to provide a basis for career development?Is our current system of guidance and advisement providing avenues of success for all learners (secondary, postsecondary, adults)?
4 It’s all about maximizing student success It’s all about maximizing student success. We are the key part of the educational system that is positioned to add value for the students we touch. We are the connection, the gateway between high school, college, apprenticeships and workforce for an entire range of students from TANF recipients to Pre-Engineering students.
5 Vocational Education vs. Career and Technical Education “Then”Career and Technical Education“Now”For Some StudentsFor All StudentsFor a Few JobsFor All Careers6 to 7 “Program Areas”16 Clusters – 81 PathwaysIn Lieu of AcademicsAligns and Supports AcademicsHigh School FocusedCollege CompetitorHigh School and College PartnershipsThis slide illustrates the enormous change our system and CTE from all across the country has been impacted. It requires a new way of approaching our system and the way we serve students and the value we add.
6 Key Terms Career Cluster Career Pathway Program of Study Career Major Plan of StudyDual Credit
7 “Need to Know” Information about Perkins? At least one Program of Study must be in place during the school year;The Programs of Study must include courses at both the secondary and postsecondary levels;
8 “Need to Know” Information about Perkins The Programs of Study must include both academic and CTE/degree major courses; andThe Programs of Study must lead somewhere – a credential, certificate, license, degree, etc.
9 Key Terms Career Clusters are groupings of occupations and industries A Career Pathway represents a grouping of occupations within a cluster based on commonalitiesA Program of Study is sequence of courses used to get students from high school entry to success in careers and postsecondary education/both academic and technical courses
10 Key Terms, cont.A Plan of Study is the tool used to help students identify the courses needed to reach their career goal and establish their educational strategyDual Credit is college credit earned by being enrolled in courses at the tech center and earning credit from a community college
11 National Perspective System Philosophy for Career Clusters: Career-focused educational reformCareer Development + Instruction + Delivery= Seamless EducationFramework in which occupationally-specific programs are one componentConnects career development and guidance to delivery systemsVertical and horizontal transfer of knowledge/skills
12 National PerspectiveCareer Clusters require a shift in thinking from ONLY specific occupational education and skills training to a seamless systemCareer Clusters require CTE “programs” to quit thinking as stand-alone and begin thinking as part of a seamless systemCareer Clusters require long-term commitment of every partner in its role within the systemCareer Clusters support workforce preparation and economic development
13 Let’s Say It Again……A Plan of Study is the framework to get students from high school entry to success in careers and postsecondary educationIt’s not hard, but someone has to take the lead and dedicate the timeYou are the leaders to implement
14 What’s Most Important? NOT – What you call courses NOT – How many courses you takeIt’s being sure students get the content and the career development they need in a format they can understand
15 Where Do Clusters Fit in the Educational System? Elementary, Middle and Comprehensive High SchoolsCareer AcademiesSmall Learning CommunitiesTechnology Centers/Tech CollegesMagnet SchoolsCommunity CollegesUniversitiesBusiness and Industry (re-tool, cross-train, career ladders/lattices)One question that we often receive is “Where are clusters appropriate?
16 16 Career ClustersRepresent the entire world of workFlexible!
25 The common element are the foundation knowledge and skills The common element are the foundation knowledge and skills. These support all the pathways like a good foundation or for us girls Spanx under a slinky dress.
26 Next on the pyramid are the pathway K & S these add to the foundation and provide more specialized skills
27 The time it takes to gain the pathway K & S will vary based upon the educational requirements.
28 We must understand this is not a secondary model only, it must allow for adult entry and exit points, yet provide for additional education to build career ladders.
29 CAREER PS CAREER MAJOR PATHWAY K&S CLUSTER K&S 9TH GRADE SKILL DEVELOPMENTCAREER MAJORPATHWAY K&SThis is another way to look at it from a developmental model from 9th to PSCLUSTER K&S9TH GRADE
30 How Is A Plan of Study Used? It is the advisement document that interprets the program of study to students and parents/guardiansProvides a tool to plan academic and technical courses to achieve a career goalIt is a student, teacher and counselorroadmap to career success
31 This is a format for a cluster and pathway based program of study This is a format for a cluster and pathway based program of study. It does provide for advisement for 9th grade requirements but provides that non-duplicative sequence of courses from high school through the tech center and college.
32 The additional information provides broad course descriptions which incorporate the appropriate knowledge and skills for cluster and pathways. It serves as a guide and a model but cannot be adopted without adaptation.
35 How Will You Help Implement? Understand the purpose of clusters and pathwaysUnderstand how clusters and pathways help connect to the next level of education and careersHow will teachers be involved?Know if clusters and instruction will be connected to a career planLet’s brainstorm so we are clear on the direction you wish to move. We need to answer these questions in order to move forward with the development.
37 ASCA National Standards Academic DevelopmentThe academic standards serve as a guide for the school counseling program to implement strategies and activities that support and maximize student learning. Academic development includes:Acquiring skills, attitudes, and knowledge to learn effectively;Employing strategies to achieve success in school; andUnderstanding the relationship of academics to the world of work, and to life at home and in the community.
38 ASCA National Standards Career DevelopmentProgram standards for career development serve as a guide for the school counseling program to provide the foundation for acquiring the skills, attitudes, and knowledge that enable students to make a successful transition from school to the world of work. Career development includes:strategies to achieve future career success and job satisfaction;fostering an understanding of the relationship between personal qualities, education and training, and the world of work; andthe development of career goals by all students as a result of career awareness and experiential activities.
39 ASCA National Standards Personal/Social DevelopmentProgram standards for personal/social development serve as a guide for the school counseling program to provide the foundation for personal and social growth which contributes to academic and career success. Personal/social development includes:the acquisition of skills, attitudes, and knowledge which helps students to respect self and others;the use of effective interpersonal skills;the employment of safety and survival skills;understanding the obligation to be a contributing member of our society; andthe ability to negotiate successfully and safely in the increasingly complex and diverse world of the 21st century.
40 Which Standards Do Programs of Study Facilitate? Understanding the relationship of academics to the world of work, and to life at home and in the community.Strategies to achieve future career success and job satisfaction;Fostering an understanding of the relationship between personal qualities, education and training, and the world of work; andDevelopment of career goals by all students as a result of career awareness and experiential activities
41 Plan of Study Checklist Are both academic and degree major courses included?Are both secondary and postsecondary courses included?Do courses represent a sequence of instruction that leads to a degree, certificate or credential?This is a good process to determine how well your POS are being developed
42 POS Checklist, con’t.Do courses represent a coherent and rigorous program of studies?Does completion of the high school courses ensure success at the postsecondary/career level?Does the high school plan reflect opportunities for postsecondary and dual enrollment?
43 Implementation of the Pathways Provides: Consistency for better data (results) and shared opportunities for developmentArticulation within and between statesEmployer and postsecondary validated standardsOpportunities for “all” studentsA “place” for all career goals and interestsDoes this mean you have to develop courses in all 16 clusters---of course not.
44 Critical Components for Cluster Implementation Administrative SupportShared PlanningCareer DevelopmentProfessional DevelopmentParent and Community SupportEducation PartnershipsB&I Support and Understanding
45 Critical Components for Cluster Implementation Career Development ProcessConnect Planning with EnrollmentStudent Centered LearningCommitment to Career Development/Guidance for all students
46 Why Do All This? Worst Reasons!!! Perkins Legislation— Just to get the moneySomeone says we have to
47 Why Do All This? Best Reasons!!! It is best for students It links the various levels of educationIt causes academic courses and CTE/degree major courses to have a linkageIt gives faculty members a reason to work together
48 Why Do All This? It puts a “reason” into what students are learning Reduce remediationIncrease academic and career successIt adds value to CTE—no one else is doing it for students!!
49 Benefits for LearnersEnhances academics by providing real-world relevanceProvides opportunities to explore multiple pathways and relates high profile careers to real life situationsRelationships among educational institutionsSets them apart fromthe “pack”Based on our work with pilot sites across the country, we have learned that clusters benefit a variety of audiences. First they benefit the learners. This is what John Foster, at Ballard Maritime Academy had to say about clusters. He saidUse some guidance theory here……
50 Benefits for Teachers/Faculty Curriculum can be tailored to the needs of the communityOpportunity to integrate CTE and traditional academicsOpportunity to enhance academic achievement for all studentsThere are also many benefits to teachers
51 Benefits for Counselors/Advisors Provides structure for advisementProvides context to discuss enrollment, assessment and future transitions/career plansProvides information for parents to partner in planning processProvides connection to business and industry and demand careers
52 Benefits for Postsecondary Learners who have established a career pathLearners with better academic skills and in need of less remediationAvenue to connectwith high school
53 Benefits for Parents Smoother entry into postsecondary education Students can make better career decisionsStudents have a plan for high school completion and college
54 Benefits for Workforce Development and Business Provides a well qualified workforce which can quickly adapt to changing needsOpportunity for input in school curriculumFramework for cross-training or re-tooling the workforceIn all of the career clusters there is a strong business connection.