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Imperialism Domination of one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
Causes Economic interests Political and MilitaryHumanitarian and Religious Goals Social Darwinism
Economic Interests Overseas expansion Wanted natural resourcesNew markets of consumers Place for growing population
Political and MilitaryNeeded bases to get supplies Nationalism National security Prestige
Humanitarian and ReligiousMissionaries Doctors
Social Darwinism Survival of the fittest for human societiesRacial superiority Improving human species
3 C’s Commerce Christianity Civilization
Types of Rule Direct rule Indirect rule Protectorate
Direct Rule Send officials to rule Impose culture on colonies
Indirect Rule Used local ruler Used military force if necessary
Protectorate Local rulers European advisors
Africa in Early 1800s Nearly 3 times the size of EuropeHundreds of languages Varied governments
Slave Trade European nations outlawed transatlantic slave tradeContinued to Asia
David Livingstone Explorer and missionary Explored interior of AfricaOpposed slave trade
Henry Stanley Explored interior of AfricaExplored Congo for King Leopold II
Cecil Rhodes Supported imperialism in AfricaHelped Britain expand empire Promoted separation of races
Berlin Conference Held to avoid bloodshed No Africans invitedEuropean power couldn’t claim land unless it had government office there
France Took large share of Africa Colonies in West and Central Africa
Britain Heavily populated regions with rich resourcesWest and East Africa Clashed with Boers
Boer War In South Africa Guerrilla fighting British won
Resistance Armed resistance Yaa Asantewaa Queen of AsanteLed fight against British
Ethiopia Menelik II Latest weapons and European officersModernized Ethiopia Latest weapons and European officers Battle of Adowa smashed Italian invaders Preserved independence
African Elite New class emerged Admired Western waysClashed with traditions
Unit 3: Industrialization and Nationalism. A. Decentralized; disunity; rich in resources ▪ Hundreds of different languages ▪ Politically diverse-villages.
Building Overseas Empires
Scramble for Africa Chapter 11 Section 1.
Africa Before European Domination –Armies, rivers, disease discourage exploration –Nations Compete for Overseas Empires Imperialism –seizure of a country.
The Scramble for Africa
12.2- Partition of Africa European countries scramble for African territories. Africans resist, but cannot stop the Europeans.
Imperialism Africa Before Large empires - small villages divided by: Large empires - small villages divided by: Ethnic groups Ethnic groups Languages.
Objectives Analyze the causes of the “new imperialism.”
TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Europeans Build New Empires.
The Partition of Africa
Chapter 9 The New Imperialism
UNIT 9 Chapter 27 – The Age of Imperialism
The Partition of Africa Section 2 Gina Pike Group , 2 nd hr.
Quickwrite Think about Imperialism as you know it so far- motives, imperialized natives, reading etc. Use your Venn Diagram to begin comparing Imperialism.
Wednesday/Thursday: February 13 th /14th Happy Valentine’s Day History of Valentine’s Day??? Look at Imperialism Map Activity; Primary Document Activity.
Just Imagine… You are the owner of the New York Yankees and have just won the World Series. You currently have an infinite amount of power and influence.
Ch. 12 Sec. 1 The New Imperialism The New Imperialism
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