Presentation on theme: "Mandate of Heaven and the Dynastic Cycle. Mandate of Heaven The belief that heaven granted a ruler a mandate or ‘divine right to rule’ Linked Power."— Presentation transcript:
Mandate of Heaven The belief that heaven granted a ruler a mandate or ‘divine right to rule’ Linked Power and Responsibility In exchange for loyalty, the ruler must maintain order In exchange for loyalty, the ruler must maintain order Rulers need Mandate of Heaven to rule If lost, the people were allowed to rebel.
Accomplishments Est. a strong, central government Bring peace and order Give land to peasants Build roads, defensive walls and irrigation systems Support education and arts
Failures & Losing the Mandate Allow Corruption Lose military power Raise taxes Spend $ on luxuries Fail to reinforce walls, and irrigation Harsh ruler
Problems: Sign the Mandate is Lost Chaos Floods Invasions Peasant rebellions Poor harvests
Dynastic Cycle AAAA strong leader emerges and establishes a new dynasty CCCClaims mandate CCCCycle begins again
During times of Chaos, Chinese philosophers tried to find ways to guide human behavior and ensure order in society 3 Philosophies Developed in China Confucianism Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) Daoism (Taoism) Legalism Legalism
Confucianism FFFFounder: Confucius (Master Kong) DDDDates: 551 B.C WWWWritings: The Analects TTTTeachings: 5555 R R R R eeee llll aaaa tttt iiii oooo nnnn ssss hhhh iiii pppp ssss m m m m must govern society “Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do”Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do
5 Relationships Ruler and Ruled Father and Son Older Brother and Younger Brother Husband and Wife Friend and Friend Superior sets example and cares for inferior Superior sets example and cares for inferior Inferior shows respect to superior Inferior shows respect to superior
Confucius Filial piety: the duty and respect that children owed their parents Education and Morality Society more important than individual I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.
Daoism Founder: Lao Zi Dates: 551 B.C Writings: “The Way of Virtue” Teachings: Stressed the link between Nature and People People should do nothing contrary to nature, live according to the Dao “the Way”