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Viet Nam Green Growth Strategy

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Presentation on theme: "Viet Nam Green Growth Strategy"— Presentation transcript:

1 Viet Nam Green Growth Strategy
Dr. Pham Hoang Mai Director General Dept. of Science, Education, Natural Resources and Environment Ministry of Planning and Investment of Vietnam

2 VIETNAM and MDGs Vietnam has completed three MDGs:
to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, to achieve universal primary education, to promote gender equality and empower women. There is big possibility that Vietnam complete MDG 4 and MDG 5 of reducing Child mortality rates and improving maternal health before 2015. Three other MDGs including (i) to combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases, (ii) to ensure environmental sustainability, (iii) global partnership for development have created positive outcome.

3 CHALLENGES Economic Challenges:
Existing Growth model of Vietnam based on: Extensive exploitation of natural resources; Investment from Government (including ODA) and foreign direct investment; Low competitiveness; Social and Environmental Challenges: Many MDGs have been achieved but still fragile; Low quality of life due to pollution, decreasing traditional cultural values; New challenges such as climate change, widening the gap between developed and developing countries. New Way of Growth – GREEN GROWTH.

4 VIETNAM GREEN GROWTH Vietnam Green Growth Strategy:
To promote the process of restructuring and improving economic institutions towards more efficient use of natural resources, improved competitiveness of the economy. This will contribute to respond to climate change, reducing poverty and ensuring sustainable economic development.

5 Vietnam Green Growth Strategy
Strategic Task 1 of Low Carbon Growth: by 2020 to reduce voluntarily the intensity of greenhouse gas emissions by 8-10% as compared to the 2010 level and 20% with additional international support; Strategic Task 2: Greening Production with the aim to encourage the development of green industry and green agriculture based on environmentally friendly structures, technologies and equipment; Strategic 3: Greening of Lifestyles and promoting sustainable consumption.

6 Cost of CO2 emission reduction (US$/ton CO2)
MACC OPTIONS CO2 emission reduction potential of sub-sectors/options by cost 2020 Sub-sector Cost of CO2 emission reduction (US$/ton CO2) <=0 <=5 <=10 <=20 No. of option Amount of emission reduction (MtCO2) Amount of emission reduction Building 3 0.17 Construction material 1 0.49 Cement 2.61 Textile 2 0.08 Household 8 14.80 9 16.22 Pulp and paper 0.19 Electricity Gen. 15.49 17.96 61.23 Iron and steel 0.09 0.22 Road transportation 3.45 Total 22 21.88 25 38.92 27 41.38 33 84.65

7 KEY SOLLUTIONS Review and adjust sectoral and regional master plans towards limiting the development of economic sectors that generate significant environmental pollution and degradation of natural resources, while creating favourable conditions for the development of new green production sectors; Create legal frameworks supporting Green Growth;

8 KEY SOLLUTIONS Development of sustainable infrastructure for: transportation, energy, irrigation and urban works Promote clean and green technological innovation Sustainable Urbanization Develop the new rural model with lifestyles in harmony with environment Promoting sustainable consumption and building green lifestyles Human Resource Development

9 VGGS Action Plan Total: 12 group of activities with 66 activities dealing with several aspects: Institutional arrangements; Revision of Master plans; Technological transfer; Promotion business involvements; Financial arrangements.

10 Challenges Total economic costs of CC are about 2-6% GDP or $3-9 billions (ADB 2009) and $1-2,5 billion will be needed for adaptation; To implement Green growth strategy, about $30 billion will be needed by 2020; Shortage of policies to mobilize financial sources, particularly International Climate funds; Difficulties in mobilizing international and domestic investors.

List of GHG emission options and the result of MACC, 2020 (discount rate = 12%) Sub-sector No. of options Total capital cost (mil. US$) Total annual CO2 emission saved (MtCO2) Average MAC (US$/ton CO2) Building 3 3.33 0.17 -69.46 Construction materials 1 17.54 0.49 -14.39 Cement 725.00 2.61 -45.27 Textile 2 0.00 0.08 -60.28 Household 10 2,279.19 16.54 -32.32 Pulp and paper 0.19 -93.46 Electricity Generation 27,625.00 61.37 16.11 Iron and steel 79.50 0.22 -44.60 Road transportation 3.45 Total 35 30,729.56 85.12

12 THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT Revise development strategy toward scale down industries which heavily based on the exploitation and consumption of natural resources; Create social security system to maintain the MDGs achievements; Set up legal framework for Green Growth; Promote the participation of private sector; Facilitate the transfer of modern technology; Implement pilot Green projects and disseminate good practices.

13 Forms of Climate Change Finance
1. Public: Government investment for Climate Change projects and programs including Green Growth (around $1 billion annually): - National Targeted Programs (NTP-RCC, Energy Efficiency, Reforestation); - Projects and programs directly link to Climate Change and Green Growth. Current expenditure for research, capacity building projects ODA: from 1993 of about $12 billion under the forms of CC related projects & programs and budget support; Others: REDD+, Vietnam Environment Protection Fund, CDM. 2. Non-Public: Private Investment under the forms of FDI, Equity, Local Investment etc.


15 ODA & CLIMATE FINANCE 4/22/20174/22/20174/22/2017

16 Solutions Legal Framework: Formulating Action plans/ Priority Projects for Climate Change & Green Growth strategies. Climate Financial Mobilization: + Develop market based mechanism to generate financing for green growth (NAMAs, future cap and trade system). + Improve existing capacity and consolidate the set up and strengthening of fiduciary procedures for resource mobilization (VEPF, VGGSF…) and formulating national institutions eligible for direct access to funds. + Set up Climate Finance Task Force & Climate Finance Options. Climate Finance Utilization: + Formulating Adaptation Prioritization Framework & Green Investment Guidelines for public investment.

17 Solutions Engagement of private sector:
+ Government investment and ODA will be used as a catalyst to attract/create favorable environment for private investment in Climate Change/Green Growth (Technology transfer/Pilot projects/Good practice); + Introducing on PPP modalities (infrastructure, power generation ).

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