Presentation on theme: "By: Jeanne Jimenez. Albert Bandura (Behavioral) Born December 4, 1925 Received his bachelors degree in Psychology in 1949 from the University of British."— Presentation transcript:
Albert Bandura (Behavioral) Born December 4, 1925 Received his bachelors degree in Psychology in 1949 from the University of British Columbia Received his Ph.D. in 1952 from the University of Iowa. He started teaching at Stanford University in 1953 where he still works till this day. He is a Canadian psychologist specializing in social cognitive theory and self-efficacy. He has published several books
Jerome Bruner (Cognitive) Born October 1, 1915 Contributed to “cognitive psychology and cognitive learning theory in educational psychology and to general philosophy of education.” He is currently a senior research fellow at NYU school of Law. His ideas are based on categorization.
Jerome Burner continued… Believes that people “interpret the world in terms of its similarities and differences.” He also suggests that there are two primary modes of thought: Narrative mode- “ the mind engages in sequential, action-oriented, detail-driven thought.” Paradigmatic mode- “the mind transcends particularities to achieve systematic, categorical cognition.”
Social Learning Theory Bandura expanded on Julian Rotter’s idea. States that people learn by observing Learning can happen without a change in the behavior. Cognition can play a role in learning. It can be considered a connection or transition between “behaviorist learning theories and cognitive learning theories.” Suggests that a combination of environmental and psychological factors influence behavior. Outlines 3 requirements for people to learn and model behavior : retention, reproduction and motivation.
Educational Theory Within his Theory of Education he breaks it down into eight sub-theories. Theory of Value Theory of Knowledge Theory of Human Nature Theory of Learning Theory of Transmission Theory of Society Theory of Opportunity Theory of Consensus
Theory of Value & Knowledge Theory of Value The goals of education according to Bruner are “ to free society and assist students in developing their full potential (Flores, 2008).” An addition to this students should experience cognitive and intellectual levels. Theory of Knowledge Bruner felt that students tend to learn better when their instructor “leads them to discovering information on their own (Flores, 2008).”
Theory of Human Nature & Learning Theory of Human Nature Humans are able to “learn, grow, instruct, write dance and be free (Flores, 2008) Believed that there are no limits to what humans can do. Theory of Learning Bruner says that students are able to select information in order to integrate it into their own existing knowledge. Bruner also felt that “Knowledge was best acquired when students were allowed to discover it on their own (Flores, 2008)
Theory of Transmission & Society Theory of Transmission Bruner believed that “readiness was something that should be taught while providing opportunities for learning, not waited for(Flores,2008)” He also believed that curriculum should be organized in a spiral manner. Theory of Society Burner believed that “there was no such thing as human nature independent of culture (Flores,2008)”
Theory of Opportunity & Consensus Theory of Opportunity Believes that everyone has the potential to gain knowledge and that the key to that is instruction Theory of Consensus Believes that every opinion is important and that is offers a different view on issues. And thinks that the instructor or the person with more knowledge would have a slight “precedence” over others when it comes to their opinion.
How the Social Learning Theory impacts teaching & training. The Social Learning Theory impacts teaching & training by the fact that some people learn by observing. When an instructional designer is presenting something they have to hold and gain the trust of their audience. They have to be able to show their audience what it is they need to learn. The trainer has to be able to produce the 3 requirements that it takes for people to learn and model which are: Retention- Their audience needs to be able to retain the information they are being presented. Reproduction- They should also be able to reproduce what they where taught. Motivation-Lastly they should also be able to stay motivated to learn the information.
How the Educational Theory impacts teaching & training. The educational theory impacts teaching & training by all the components that are within the theory. This theory allows students to come to their own conclusions on things. It allows the instructor or trainer to allow students to conduct their own research in order to gain more knowledge.
How the Social Learning Theory applies to an adult education environment. The social learning theory applies to an adult education environment because it allows the students (the adults) to work and interact with different individuals. It also allows them to become socially aware that not everyone interacts or learns the same way. Lastly it allows them to observe others and how they learn in order to see if they might be able to learn something differently.
How the Education Theory applies to an adult education environment. The education theory applies to an adult education environment because of all eight sub-theories that are within it. Value, Knowledge, Human Nature, Learning, Transmission, Society, Opportunity and Consensus can all be used in an adult education environment.
Reference Learning Theories Knowledgebase (2008, October). Social Learning Theory (Bandura) at Learning-Theories.com. Retrieved October 3rd, 2008 from http://www.learning-theories.com/social-learning-theory-bandura.htmlhttp://www.learning-theories.com/social-learning-theory-bandura.html Jerome Bruner. (2008, September 24). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15:23, October 6, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jerome_Bruner&oldid=240664816 http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jerome_Bruner&oldid=240664816 Albert Bandura. (2008, September 29). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 18:58, October 6, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albert_Bandura&oldid=241883981 http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albert_Bandura&oldid=241883981 Social learning theory. (2008, September 19). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19:04, October 6, 2008, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Social_learning_theory&oldid=239446383http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Social_learning_theory&oldid=239446383 Flores, Nicole (2008, January 4). Jerome Bruner's Educational Theory. Retrieved October 2, 2008, from Jerome Bruner's Educational Theory Web site: http:// www.newfoundations.com/GALLERY/Bruner.htmlhttp:// www.newfoundations.com/GALLERY/Bruner.html