Presentation on theme: "Lesson 20 Industries in Canada. What Type of Industries does Canada have? Primary Secondary Tertiary Quaternary Turn to page 272 in your text and examine."— Presentation transcript:
What Type of Industries does Canada have? Primary Secondary Tertiary Quaternary Turn to page 272 in your text and examine Fig. 22-3
Primary Industries Industries that take raw materials from the natural environment They are called primary because the extraction of natural resources must happen first before anything else can occur These primary industries are located in parts of Canada where the resources are located
What types of Primary Industries are located in Canada? 1) Agriculture 2) Mining 3) Forestry 4) Fishing
Primary Industries These primary activities are able to occur due to Canada’s enormous supply of natural resources. (Ex. Arable land, forests, minerals, oil and gas deposits) Accounts for 4% of Canada’s Workforce
Secondary Industries Involves the processing of primary- industry products into finished goods Secondary Industries include: 1) Manufacturing 2) Construction 3) Utilities Accounts for 20% of the Canadian Workforce
Manufacturing The most important secondary industry in Canada Responsible for making the large range of products needed by consumers and businesses Secondary Industries employ far more people than primary industries do Examples. Cars, clothing, electronics
Value Added Value Added: When materials are processed, their value increases Ex. Steel is made from iron ore, coal and limestone. (Primary manufacturing) After the steel is made, it can be used to manufacture cars or razor blades (secondary manufacturing) Thus, the car made is worth more than the primary resources used to make it, adding value to the steel.
Recent Issues Many critics state that Canada looses value added jobs by exporting much of our resources outside Canada These groups say we should manufacture products (made of timber, minerals, and agriculture) in Canada However, many companies process these products in nations with cheaper costs to produce goods for consumption
Manufacturing Locations? Manufacturing companies build their facilities in densely populated areas because they want to be near their customers This means that the cost of shipping their products will be as low as possible Thus, the larger the population, the higher degree of industry will be created in Canada
Where would Secondary Industry be located in Canada?
Tertiary Industries Provides a wide range of services that support primary and secondary industries and society Tertiary – providing a service to the person who buys them Comprises 75% of the jobs in Canada Ex. Government, education, banking, insurance, tourism and retail.
Basic and Non-Basic Industries Basic Industries Provide the money needed to support the local economy Ex. Pulp and paper mill, Auto-Parts Factory Non-Basic Industries These industries do not bring in money to the local economy Ex. Restaurants
Quaternary Industries Quaternary Industry Highly specialized knowledge based technological and support services Ex. Research and Development, Scientific Laboratories, Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health (Winnipeg) These industries employ highly skilled and expensive workers