16 CARDIOVASCULAR FITNESS is the ability of the heart (cardio) and circulatory system (vascular) to supply oxygen to muscles for an extended period of time.
17 MUSCULAR ENDURANCErefers to the ability of the muscle to work over an extended period of time without fatigue. Performing push-ups and sit-ups or crunches for one minute is commonly used in fitness testing of muscular endurance.
18 MUSCULAR STRENGTHrefers to the maximum amount of force a muscle can exert against an opposing force. Fitness testing usually consists of a one-time maximum lift using weights (bench press, leg press, etc.).
19 FLEXIBILITYis the ability to move a body part through a full range of motion (ROM) at a joint. The sit-and-reach is commonly used to determine flexibility.
20 BODY COMPOSITIONis the ratio of body fat to lean body mass (including water, bones, muscles, and connective tissues). Having too much fat tissues is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, and arthritis.
21 In addition to improving quality of life, health-related fitness increases muscle tone and strength;decreases susceptibility to injuries and illness;improves bone mineral density;
22 reduces risk of osteoporosis; improves posture;increases efficiency of the respiratory and circulatory systems;
23 decreases risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke; improves blood pressure;decreases risk of diabetes and some cancers;
24 improves self-esteem and self-confidence; decreases body fat and improves metabolism; andincreases energy level and academic achievement.
25 SKILL-RELATED FITNESS AgilityBalancePowerSpeedCoordinationReaction Time
26 Agility the ability of the body to change direction quickly refers to the ability to change your entire body position in space rapidly with accuracy and speed
27 Balancethe ability to maintain an upright posture while still or movingability to maintain equilibrium, or control your body's position in space.
28 Power the ability to do strength work at an explosive pace the ability to combine strength with speed while moving.
29 Speedthe ability to move quickly from one point to another in a straight line
30 Coordinationthe ability of body parts to work together when you perform an activity.Integration with hand and/or foot movements with the input of the senses
31 Reaction timerefers to the time it takes for the neuromuscular system to produce movement from stimulus to reaction.amount of time it takes to get moving.