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Mammalian Heart.

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Presentation on theme: "Mammalian Heart."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mammalian Heart

2 The Heart Consists of TWO pumps, which are separated by a muscular wall called the septum. Right pump receives deoxygenated blood. Pumps this blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen. Left pump receives oxygenated blood. Pumps this blood through the body.

3 Anatomy of the Heart

4 Anatomy of the Heart The heart is made up of four chambers Two Atria
Two Ventricles

5 Anatomy of the Heart Blood enters the heart into the right and left atria Systemic system enters the right Pulmonary system enters the left Blood leaves the heart through the right and left ventricles. Ventricles are very muscular because they need to pump blood through the body.

6 Blood Flow in the Heart

7 Two Blood Circuits The PULMONARY CIRCUIT consists of blood vessels that bring blood to and from the lungs to pick up oxygen and drop off carbon dioxide.

8 Two Blood Circuits The SYSTEMIC CIRCUIT consists of blood vessels that bring oxygenated blood to the body’s cells and deoxygenated blood back to the heart.

9 One-Way Street Blood only moves in ONE direction through the circulatory system. This consistent blood flow is maintained with valves found in the heart and veins. These valves prevent blood from flowing backwards. There are four important valves in the heart. 2 Atrioventricular (AV) valves 2 Semilunar valves

10 Heart Valves 2 Atrioventricular Valves
These valves separate the atria from the ventricles. The two AV valves are the Tricuspid Valve and the Mitral (Bicuspid) Valve. Tricuspid valve separates the right atrium and ventricle. Mitral (bicuspid) valve separates the left atrium and ventricle.

11 Heart Valves 2 Semilunar Valves
These valves separate the ventricles from the arteries. The two semilunar valves are the Pulmonary Valve and the Aortic Valve. Pulmonary valve separates the right ventricle from the pulmonary artery. Aortic valve separates the left ventricle from the aorta.

12 Heart Valves

13 Important Arteries/Veins of the Heart
There are several important arteries that take blood away from the heart and important veins that take blood to the heart. Aorta Pulmonary Artery & Pulmonary Vein Coronary Artery Superior and Inferior Vena Cava

14 Arteries/Veins of the Heart

15 Arteries/Veins of the Heart
Aorta Largest artery in human body Blood leaving the left ventricle passes through the aorta on its way to the bodies other arteries. Pulmonary Artery & Pulmonary Vein Start and end of pulmonary circuit, respectively. Pulmonary artery takes deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle and leads it to arterioles and capillaries within the lungs. Pulmonary vein takes oxygenated blood from the capillaries and venules within the lungs and leads to the left atrium.

16 Arteries/Veins of the Heart
Coronary Artery Branches off of the aorta. Supplies the heart’s muscle tissue with the necessary oxygen. Blockage of these arteries can lead to angina or heart attacks. Superior and Inferior Vena Cava Veins that return deoxygenated blood to the heart. Superior Vena Cava delivers blood from the head and arms Inferior Vena Cava delivers blood from the lower body.

17 Keeping the Rhythm A heart’s rhythm, tempo, or beat rate is controlled by the sinoatrial (SA) node. This is a bundle of nerves that acts like a pacemaker for the heart. Nerve impulses are sent from the SA node to another node, called the atrioventricular (AV) node. The AV node then signals the heart muscle tissue to contract. The atria contract first, followed by the ventricles

18 Keeping the Rhythm http://a1977. g. akamai. net/f/1977/1448/1d/webmd

19 The Functioning Heart Here’s a video showing the heart in action and explaining some of it’s anatomy!

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