Presentation on theme: "Forgettable Presidents 6 Presidents, a page and a half in your textbook—what could go wrong?"— Presentation transcript:
Forgettable Presidents 6 Presidents, a page and a half in your textbook—what could go wrong?
It all goes back to Grant (1868-1872)… Scandals created division R party—Stalwarts and Halfbreeds D almost win election—Compromise of 77
R party split: Stalwarts? Halfbreeds? Stalwarts Strongly supported Grant Wanted Patronage Led by Roscoe Conkling of NY Half-Breeds Clean up gov’t? End patronage? Led by James G. Blaine of ME
Party Differences Republican “Party of Morality” Anti-Immigrant Pro-temperance Pro-business “Grand Army of the Republic”—Civil War vets Blacks in S Whites in N Farmers in N Democrats “Solid South” Recent Immigrants/people sympathetic in N Farmers/miners in W when not voting for Grange/Populists/Socialists
How do elections turn out Really only 6 states in play—of those NY and Ohio are the largest
Another Republican Faction: Mugwumps R who decide to support Cleveland (D) because the R candidate (Blaine) is so corrupt
Major Issues of Debate? Government Corruption/Civil Service Reform? Tariff? Protective? Veteran’s Pension Bill? Greenbacks?/Gold?/Bi-Metallism? Immigration? Problem: Neither side is radically different until 1896
Populist Movement Farmers in Midwest band together—Grange Then Alliance Movement Populist party in 1892—Notables: Mary Elizabeth Lease and “Sockless” Jerry Simpson http://www.kansasmemory.org/item/210800/ page/1 http://www.kansasmemory.org/item/210800/ page/1
Some of what they wanted…Omaha Platform, 1892 Graduated Income tax Unlimited coinage of silver (16:1) Direct election of Senators Secret ballot Government Control of RR and Utilities Gov’t should lend $ to farmers for surplus crops Reduction of Tariff Vote for women
Results, 1892 Got 9% of the popular vote, 5% of electoral Is this significant?
1896 Democrats change strategies William Jennings Bryan and Dems come out with POPULIST platform Populist moves to support Why does Bryan lose?
By 1896/Results Tariff/Income Tax debate (1894 2% on incomes above 4k—about 90K today) Gold Standard Pendleton Act-’83 (Arthur)reforms Civil Service reduces patronage good?bad? Arthur modernizes the Navy Harrison and Veteran’s Pension Bill Campaigns shift to attracting $ from big donors—Mark Hanna Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 begins trend that is interrupted by WWI