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Forgettable Presidents 6 Presidents, a page and a half in your textbook—what could go wrong?

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Presentation on theme: "Forgettable Presidents 6 Presidents, a page and a half in your textbook—what could go wrong?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Forgettable Presidents 6 Presidents, a page and a half in your textbook—what could go wrong?

2 It all goes back to Grant (1868-1872)… Scandals created division R party—Stalwarts and Halfbreeds D almost win election—Compromise of 77

3 R party split: Stalwarts? Halfbreeds? Stalwarts Strongly supported Grant Wanted Patronage Led by Roscoe Conkling of NY Half-Breeds Clean up gov’t? End patronage? Led by James G. Blaine of ME

4 Party Differences Republican “Party of Morality” Anti-Immigrant Pro-temperance Pro-business “Grand Army of the Republic”—Civil War vets Blacks in S Whites in N Farmers in N Democrats “Solid South” Recent Immigrants/people sympathetic in N Farmers/miners in W when not voting for Grange/Populists/Socialists

5 How do elections turn out Really only 6 states in play—of those NY and Ohio are the largest

6 Another Republican Faction: Mugwumps R who decide to support Cleveland (D) because the R candidate (Blaine) is so corrupt

7 Major Issues of Debate? Government Corruption/Civil Service Reform? Tariff? Protective? Veteran’s Pension Bill? Greenbacks?/Gold?/Bi-Metallism? Immigration? Problem: Neither side is radically different until 1896

8 Populist Movement Farmers in Midwest band together—Grange Then Alliance Movement Populist party in 1892—Notables: Mary Elizabeth Lease and “Sockless” Jerry Simpson http://www.kansasmemory.org/item/210800/ page/1 http://www.kansasmemory.org/item/210800/ page/1

9 Some of what they wanted…Omaha Platform, 1892 Graduated Income tax Unlimited coinage of silver (16:1) Direct election of Senators Secret ballot Government Control of RR and Utilities Gov’t should lend $ to farmers for surplus crops Reduction of Tariff Vote for women

10 Results, 1892 Got 9% of the popular vote, 5% of electoral Is this significant?

11 1896 Democrats change strategies William Jennings Bryan and Dems come out with POPULIST platform Populist moves to support Why does Bryan lose?

12 By 1896/Results Tariff/Income Tax debate (1894 2% on incomes above 4k—about 90K today) Gold Standard Pendleton Act-’83 (Arthur)reforms Civil Service reduces patronage  good?bad? Arthur modernizes the Navy Harrison and Veteran’s Pension Bill Campaigns shift to attracting $ from big donors—Mark Hanna Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 begins trend that is interrupted by WWI


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