# Draw 4 pictures of a house meeting the following requirements: House 1: Draw it like a 0-1 ½ year old would House 2: Draw it like a 2-7 year old would.

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Draw 4 pictures of a house meeting the following requirements: House 1: Draw it like a 0-1 ½ year old would House 2: Draw it like a 2-7 year old would House 3: Draw it like a 7-11 year old would House 4: Draw it like someone 11 or older would

You can tell a lot about cognitive development by looking at a child’s drawing

Is that a drawing of two caterpillars?

Warm up #4 Title: Conservation Quiz Label: – 1) A) B) – 2) A) B) When dismissed by the teacher walk to the front of the room and label which has more and which has less (A or B) for 1 and 2.

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT. Pioneers - Jean Piaget. Piaget noticed that his children were able to handle logical problems differently at different ages. Further, he noticed that as children age, their ability to handle logical problems changes. Piaget then spent years studying how cognitive development occurred on average. From this intensive study, Piaget developed a theory of cognitive development that described how people are able to deal with logical problems differently at different points in their lives.

Schemas Children view the world through schemas (as do adults for the most part) Schemas are ways we interpret the world around us It is basically what you picture in your head when you think of anything. Right now in your head, picture a model… These 3 probably fit into your concept (schema) of a model. But does this one?

Why might Ms. Julian’s or another adult’s schemas be different than yours (think of how our schemas are changed)? Explain your answer.

Assimilation Incorporating new experiences into existing schemas. If I teach a 3 year old that an animal with 4 legs and a tail is a dog…. What would he call this? Or this? What schema would you assimilate this into?

Assimilation in High School When you first meet somebody, you will assimilate them into a schema that you already have. If you see two guys dressed like this, what schema would you assimilate them into? Would you always be right?

Assimilation- See tomato and assume it’s an apple because it’s red. Schema- Learn what an apple is.

Accommodation  To change your schema based on new information  Form a new view based on this experience!  Ex. Schema- people with facial tattoos are mean and dirty

Accommodation Changing an existing schema to adapt to new information. If I tell someone from the mid-west to picture their schema of the Bronx they may talk about the ghetto areas. But if I showed them other areas of the Bronx, they would be forced to accommodate (change) their schema to incorporate their new information.

STAGE THEORY Piaget: all human beings pass through all stages in same order, & we all go through ALL stages during our lifespan. Object Permanence: Concept acquired in stage 2. Lack of object permanence is why babies love the game peekaboo. But it is no longer interesting for toddlers. Conservation: Principle that things stay the same no matter if the form changes. (physics) Lack of conservation also can be seen in length, mass, number & volume. Examples: Kids and Family Guy

Piaget believed that babies up to 18 months lacked the development to determine if an object is still there or not: Object Permanence

Example of a formal operational question. Can you answer this? “If Kelly is taller than Ali and Ali is taller than Jo, who is tallest?” “Where would you put a 3 rd eye?”

How to Memorize Piaget’s Stages 1. Sensorimotor (0-2 yrs: Object Permanence) 2. Preoperational (2-7 yrs: Magical Thinking, Conservation of Energy is difficult, Egocentric, Assimilation) 3. Concrete Operations (7-12 yrs: Logical Thinking, Accommodation) 4. Formal Operations (Adult: Abstract Thinking) SPCF -or- “SPeCiFy”

Critics of Piaget: Underestimated children’s skills on one end & Overestimated their skills on the other end Several researchers rephrased Piagetian tasks & found that younger children were able to understand the questions & respond appropriately Children seem to acquire cognitive abilities earlier than Piaget predicted In addition, the children seemed to have internal representation prior to Preoperational ages. On the other end, another researcher gave a variety of Piagetian tasks to college freshmen & found that only 40% of them displayed characteristics of formal operations. 100% should have been in formal operations, according to Piaget. Children may enter formal operations later in life.

Your reading groups… just like the Placebo Experiment Read each of the 4 stages of Piaget’s Theory. Complete the appropriate box on your graphic organizer for each.

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