2 Make half your plate fruits & vegetables -Choose fresh, frozen, canned or dried fruits and vegetables -Eat red, orange, and dark green vegetables, such as tomatoes, sweet potatoes and broccoli in main dishes -Use fruit as snacks, salads or dessert -Choose whole or cut-up fruits more often Not fruit juice. Eat the skins!
3 Switch to skim or 1% milkAbout the same amount of calcium and nutrients but less fat and calories!
4 Make at least half your grain whole -Choose 100% whole-grain cereals, breads, crackers, rice and pasta. -Check the ingredients list on food packages to find whole-grain foods.
5 Vary your protein food choices -Choose a variety of foods including seafood, beans and peas, nuts, lean meats, poultry and eggs. -Keep meat and poultry portions small and lean. -Try grilling, broiling, or roasting. These methods do not add extra fat.
6 Cut back on foods high in solid fats, added sugars and salt -Choose foods and drinks with little or no added sugars. -Look out for salt (sodium) in foods that you buy. -Eat fewer foods that are high in solid and hydrogenated fats.
7 Eat the right amount of calories for you -Enjoy your food, but eat less. -Cook more often at home, where you are in control of what’s in your food. -When eating out, choose lower calorie menu options.
8 Be physically active your way -Pick activities you like and start doing what you can, at least 10 minutes at a time. Every bit adds up and the health benefits increase as you spend more time being active.
20 Nutrients – Energy Producing Carbohydrates (4 cal)Provides EnergyProtein (4)Builds and Repairs Body TissueFat (9)Insulation, Protection, Reserve Energy
21 Nutrients – non energy producing (0 Cal) VitaminsAssists in the biochemical reactions related to the metabolic process (metabolism)MineralsSkeletal structureWaterHydration, most essential to lifeFiberAids in digestion, can’t absorb – non nutrient
23 Grains (carbs) Major Nutrient: Carbohydrates, Fiber Serving: 1 oz = 1 slice bread – 1 cup dry cereal = ½ cup pastaor riceTip: Make at least ½ yourgrain whole grains
24 Vegetables (carbs) Major Nutrient: Vitamins, Fiber Serving: ½ cup vegetables = 1 cup leafy vegetablesTip: Make half your plate fruitsand vegetables
25 Fruits (carbs) Major Nutrient: Vitamins, Fiber Serving: 1 medium/small piece of fruit = 1 cupTip: Make half your platefruits and vegetables
26 Dairy (carbs, fat, protein) Major Nutrient: Minerals, ProteinServing 1 ½ oz cheese – 1 cup milk/yogurtTip: Switch to fat free orlow-fat (1%) milk.
27 Proteins Major Nutrient: Protein (minerals) Serving: 1 oz meat = 1 egg = 1 T peanut butter = ¼ cup cooked beans = ½ oz nuts or seedsTip: choose low fat or leanmeats, bake, broil or grill.Vary protein.
28 Oils Major Nutrient: Fat Tips: Use canola or olive oil, watch for it in foods such as nuts, olives, mayonnaise, salad dressing
29 Fats and OilsFATS -Fats are solid at room temperature -Saturated fat -Cholesterol -Trans fatty acids -Typically not so good for youOILS -Oils are liquid at room temperature -Monounsaturated fat -Polyunsaturated fat -Usually a better choice
30 Empty CaloriesHigh Calories, Low Nutrition; from solid fats and/or added sugars. Solid fats and added sugars add calories to the food but few or no nutrients
31 Recommendations for Physical Activity -Kids 2-5 – Let them play! -Kids 6-17 – 60 minutes a day -Adults – At least 2.5 hours a week moderate exercise
35 1. Eat Nutrient Dense Foods Caloric BreakdownCarbohydrates: %Fat: No more than 30%Protein: %Average American eats too much fat, sugar, calories & sodium (salt)Average American doesn’t eat enough fiber.
36 2. Balance calories to manage weight Balance food and beverage intake, physical activity and body weight. Reduce portion sizes When eating out, make better choices Limit screen time (increase activity)
37 3. Reduce sodium, fats, added sugars, refined grains & alcohol What can too much salt/sodium do to your body? Can cause high blood pressure and heart disease. Where does it hide? In prepared foods (frozen, canned, etc.)
38 It’s recommended that we eat 8 oz of seafood per week 4. More vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk, seafood and use oil instead of fatIt’s recommended that we eat 8 oz of seafood per week
39 5. Build healthy eating patterns that meet nutritional needs over time at an appropriate calorie level.
40 6. Include physical exercise as part of healthy eating patterns