Presentation on theme: "HOW TO DEVELOP THE PROJECT IDEA Training unit 2.2 Definition of objectives in the action."— Presentation transcript:
HOW TO DEVELOP THE PROJECT IDEA Training unit 2.2 Definition of objectives in the action
How to develop the project idea The EU Commission and National Agencies encourage project lay-outs in which: the detected competency gaps constitute the problem; the actions suggested should contain an articulate and convincing motivation.
How to develop the project idea Community literature has consolitated, through the years, a methodological approach. One should keep that in mind while designing and managing actions. Project Management It is a solution oriented management system Project Cycle Management The project (PCM) consists of a set of tools and frames of reference which allow to highlight the effective needs (the problems) and final beneficiaries of public funded projects and programmes
How to develop the project idea Application forms for candidature are designed in order to facilitate a logical project scheme whice includes: objectives; methods; beneficiaries; time; outcomes and monotoring. The objectives need to be stated in detail. That objectives are of different types and that there is a hierarchy of priorities among them:
How to develop the project idea General objectives of the project Is made up of long-term benefit objectives: capable of a positive influence over the focused context, as well as the related geographical region, the networks of partnerships and the partakers in the mobility Specific objectives of the projects Is made up of those objectives which enable the achievement of benefits the beneficiaries will gain at the end of the process
How to develop the project idea Project designers are asked to define objects that are: coherent and aligned with the objectives and purpose of the Lifelong Learning Programme; coherent and plausible to the detected needs and relevant to the chosen target group; adequate and suitable to the projected time-span of the action, especially in relation to the period of mobility; able to generate added value to what already exists; capable of promoting innovative practices in educational and training systems.
How to develop the project idea Greater distinction among objectives ought to be made, when referring to the target group: DIDACTIC: refer to the ability to adapt socially and to build positive relations with collegues. COGNITIVE: objectives are directly related to the development and integration of educational and training competencies (attained at school, training institutes, universities). OPERATIONAL PROFESSIONALIZING: objectives are directly connected to the achievement of specific technical and professional competencies.
How to develop the project idea Objectives referred to the partnerships and actors Cooperative network of intentions for a long term investment Opportunity to exchange experiences on the different styles of work organization together with the possibility to develop common projects, like a common evaluation grid for specific educational experiences.
How to develop the project idea Project Cycle Management (PCM) Supply valuable indicators in the process of setting objectives according to a hierarchy of cause and effect. This allows to design a precise plan for the attainment of the set goals.
How to develop the project idea Logical Framework Approach Is an extremely useful tool for planning and managing a project, in fact it allows to: Analyse the factual of a given context, for the purpose of drawing up the desired future conditions and the relative strategies to achieve them; Design a set of devices and operational phases for the development of the project idea.
How to develop the project idea Mobility actions Logical Framework Approach Is able to guarantee the relevance and corrispondence of the project ideas. In fact: the actor and the project makers are given the possibility to spot out the problems directly from the field of application; define the desired objectives and the relative gauge indicators.
How to develop the project idea Having isolated the first problem it is possible to spot out the primary cause in a visible and evident context from this point on, the problems related to the first one are detectable and so are the causes. Whit the help of arrows, the cause/effect relation is emphasized.
After a first drawing of the negative aspects PCM changes the tree of problems into the tree of objectives, in other words the better and positive aspects of the desired situation are visulized. The problems are trasnsformed into objectives. Every problem, linked to another by a cause/effect relation in the tree of problems, will have a corresponding objective linked to another by a means/goals relation, in the tree of objectives.
How to develop the project idea PCM recommends that an articulate and reliable system of monitoring and evaluation be developed for each project It will include a set of unmistakable indicators, easy to check and to define realistically measurable objectives. The following elements constitute any indicator: variable; target group; observation time period; reference value.
How to develop the project idea Content Planning and project management methodology. Project objectives definition process. Objective types in a LLP (Lifelong Learning Programme). Elements of Project Cycle Management. The Logical Framework and indicators.