Presentation on theme: "Objective: To examine the major events leading up to the War of 1812. Do Now: How was the U.S. able to profit from the war between England and France?"— Presentation transcript:
Objective: To examine the major events leading up to the War of 1812. Do Now: How was the U.S. able to profit from the war between England and France? U.S. merchants profited by selling goods to both the British and the French. Announcement of the expulsion of United States citizens from Quebec City, Canada, 1812.
France Great BritainAmerican merchant You boys can keep on killing each other. If either of y’all need anything, just give us Yankees a holler! I hate you, French dude! Je vous hais plus!
France Great Britain Causes of the War of 1812 In 1803, Britain and France went to war again. Both countries seized U.S. ships sailing towards the ports of their enemy.
Britain continued its’ impressment of U.S. sailors. Draw impressment! impressment Between 1808 and 1811 over 6,000 Americans were impressed by the British.
One cause of the War of 1812 was the British disregard of American shipping rights. British ships frequently stopped American ships, confiscated their cargo, and impressed (captured) crew members, claiming they were deserters from Britain’s Royal Navy.
American merchant Mr. President, the British and French keep seizing American merchant ships. Something must be done! President Thomas Jefferson I know what to do! If we don’t allow American ships to trade with anyone, then we can’t get attacked! True, but that’s not what I had in mind!
Trade with all nations was allowed, except for Britain or France. Embargo Act Embargo Act (1807) The Embargo Act banned U.S. ships from trading with any country. This hurt the U.S. economy! Non-Intercourse ActNon-Intercourse Act (1809) All imports and exports were banned!
The Embargo Act of 1813 is personified by a huge terrapin, who seizes a smuggler by the pants. The cartoon was aimed at the people of New England, who, allegedly, were supplying the British with provisions.
War Hawks 34 year old Henry Clay, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and War Hawk leader.Henry ClaySpeaker of the U.S. House of Representatives War Hawks – members of Congress, led by Henry Clay of Kentucky, that wanted to declare war on Great Britain
I. Nationalism – pride or devotion to one’s country Many Americans felt that Great Britain still treated the United States like a British colony. II. Revenge War Hawk’s wanted to revenge on Britain for seizing American ships. War Hawk’s Rationale for War
III. Territorial Expansion Henry Clay wanted an excuse to conquer Canada from Great Britain and Florida from Spain. IV. Native American Attacks War Hawks felt that Great Britain was arming Native Americans on the frontier and encouraging them to attack Americans.
The Prophet and Tecumseh Tenskwatawa, also known as “The Prophet” Tenskwatawa, also known as “The Prophet”, believed that in order to survive, Native Americans had to give up white ways of life.
Chief Tecumseh of the Shawnee tribe The Prophet and Tecumseh Tecumseh unified many tribes behind the message of the Prophet, who was his older brother.
In 1808, the Prophet built a village for his followers in Tippecanoe, Indiana.
William Henry Harrison, Territorial Governor of Indiana Showdown at Tippecanoe In 1811, fearful of the growing strength of the Prophet and Tecumseh, Governor William Henry Harrison led 1,000 troops against them in the Battle of Tippecanoe.
The battle was viewed by Americans as a major victory, even though it was unclear which side actually won.