Presentation on theme: "C51BR Applications of Spreadsheets 1 Chapter 16 Getting Started Making Charts."— Presentation transcript:
C51BR Applications of Spreadsheets 1 Chapter 16 Getting Started Making Charts
C51BR Applications of Spreadsheets2 Creating an Embedded Chart ► After you create a worksheet, you may want to show the information to someone else. print the worksheet if you need only numerical detail. transform information in the worksheet into a chart a graphical representation of data that makes it easy for users to see trends and make comparisons ► An embedded chart is a graphical representation of data created within the worksheet instead of as a separate worksheet.
Identifying Common Chart Types and Features ► You can create a variety of chart types by using Excel. ► Chart features include titles and labels that explain the graphed data enhancements such as gridlines and color that improve readability or add visual appeal
Identifying Common Chart Types and Features ► Pie chart: a circular chart in which each piece (wedge) shows a data segment and its relationship to the whole A pie chart is limited to one data series – a set of related values that are entered in a row or column of the worksheet.
Identifying Common Chart Types and Features ► Line chart: plots one or more data series as connected points along an axis. X-axis: the horizontal axis of a chart Y-axis: the vertical axis of a chart
Identifying Common Chart Types and Features ► Column chart: each data point is reflected in the height of its column in relation to the scale shown on the Y-axis. Columns are grouped along the X-axis.
Printing a Chart ► Printing a worksheet and its embedded chart is the same as printing a worksheet without charts. ► To print just a chart in Excel without printing the entire worksheet select the chart by clicking any blank area inside the chart choose File, Print In the Print dialog box, click the Selected Chart option button in the Print What area Click OK.
Using Chart Wizard to Create an Embedded Pie Chart ► To create a chart select the data you want to use in the chart choose Insert, Chart or click the Chart Wizard button on the Standard toolbar ► The Chart Wizard provides step-by-step assistance for choosing a chart type and specifying chart options. It automatically creates the chart from the selected data and places it in a frame or box. You can then move, size, change or enhance the chart.
Using the Chart Wizard ► Chart Wizard does a satisfactory job of creating a chart, but Use Excel’s customizing and formatting options for more demanding jobs update a chart by adding and deleting data series in its plot area
C51BR Applications of Spreadsheets10 Using Chart Wizard to Create an Embedded Pie Chart
Deleting and Resizing a Chart ► To move and resize a chart, use the sizing handles at the corners and midpoints of the border surrounding the box. Drag a handle on the middle of one side of the box to change the size horizontally or vertically Drag a corner handle to change the vertical and horizontal dimensions at the same time. If you hold down the shift key while dragging a corner handle, you can maintain the original proportions of the chart.
Comparing Clustered and Stacked Column Charts ► A clustered column chart subtype presents multiple data series as side-by-side columns (figure 6.11 in your book) ► If you select a stacked column as the chart’s subtype, multiple data series appear as stacked components of a single column instead of side-by- side columns. Use if multiple data series total a meaningful number ► i.e. showing the contribution of each revenue source to the total revenue.
Changing the Chart Type ► Select a chart type that can help you display the information in the most dramatic, appropriate, and meaningful manner possible. ► After you create a chart, you can change the chart type easily. ► You may want to compare different chart types by using the same data series.
Choosing an Appropriate Chart Type ► You need to know which chart types to select, given the nature of the data. To learn more about the purpose of one or more chart types ► display the Office Assistant ► search the phrase chart types ► select the topic Examples of chart types Provides an illustration and description of the standard chart types.
Standard Chart Types Area Column Bar Line Pie Doughnut Stock XY (scatter) Bubble Radar Surface Cone Cylinder Pyramid
Other Ways to Change Chart Types ► You can display the Chart Type dialog box after you select the chart you want to change by Choose Chart, Chart Type Click the Chart Wizard button
Other Ways to Change Chart Types ► You can also change a chart to one of 18 predefined types by using the Chart toolbar. Choose View, Toolbars, and select Chart (if the toolbar does not automatically display when you select a chart) The drop-down list for the Chart Type button on this toolbar is a 3x6 display of chart icons. Click the icon that depicts the type of chart you want.
Charting Nonadjacent Data Series ► You can select nonadjacent sets of numbers to be charted by holding down ‘Ctrl’ while dragging over numbers in the various areas of the worksheet. ► Make sure that the sets of numbers selected represent the same data series.
Modifying Chart Formats ► After you create a chart, you can make changes that improve readability or enhance visual appeal. display dollar signs in front of the numbers in a Y-axis scale italicize a title add a textured background change the color of a data series
Changing Other Chart Elements ► Practice making changes to four areas in a chart: Y-axis the chart title the chart background a data series ► Start the change process by positioning the pointer on the area and right-clicking. ► Right-clicking on a chart area displays a context- sensitive shortcut menu that enables you to clear or modify the selected area.
Alternatives to Shortcut Menus ► Other ways to access chart dialog boxes and modify settings: Double-clicking a chart area bypasses the Clear option and opens the dialog box for formatting that area. You can also access Chart options from the menu bar after you select the entire chart.
Ways to View a Chart ► If you scroll through the worksheet to view a chart, you can view the cart in its own window: Select the chart Choose View, Chart Window You can edit the chart while it is open in the window. ► If you select a chart and then click the Print Preview button, Excel displays only the chart instead of the worksheet data and the chart. ► You can view but not change a chart displayed in Print Preview mode.
Adding, Reordering and Deleting a Data Series ► Even a relatively small set of data can be charted in a variety of ways. ► You can vary the data presented in a chart by adding a data series, rearranging the order of data series, and deleting a data series.
Alternative Ways to Add or Delete Data Series ► The simplest methods to add and delete data series from an existing chart: Add by dragging a selected series and dropping it into the chart Remove by selecting the charted data series and pressing the Delete key.
Alternative Ways to Add or Delete Data Series ► You can also add or delete data series from the Series tab of the Source Data dialog box. Select the chart Choose Chart, Source Data and select the Series tab To add a data series, click the Add button and specify the location of the series. To delete a data series, select its name in the Series list and click the Remove button.
Creating and Printing a Combination Chart ► A combination chart includes two or more chart types, such as showing one data series as a column and another as a line. ► Create a combination chart if the values in the data series vary widely or if you want to emphasize differences in the data.
Customizing Charts ► Can add titles, legends and annotations ► Can use arrows and AutoShapes to emphasize certain aspects of the chart. ► Formatting a chart = setting the display options for each chart element.
Customizing Charts Parts of Chart Chart Area Plot Frame Legend of Data Axis
Formatting Chart Elements Format Data Series dialog box: Patterns tab
Adding and Deleting Chart Elements Chart Options dialog box: Titles tab
Adding and Deleting Chart Elements Adding titles and a data table Chart Title Data Table
Adding Draw Objects to a Chart Adding draw objects to a chart
Printing a Separate Chart Sheet Page Setup dialog box: Chart tab
Printing a Separate Chart Sheet Print previewing a chart sheet