Presentation on theme: "Justinian and the Byzantine Empire"— Presentation transcript:
1 Justinian and the Byzantine Empire SSWH4 Analyze the importance of Justinian; include the influence of the Empress Theodora, Justinian’s Code, and Justinian’s efforts to recapture the west.
2 Reign of Justinian5th century, Eastern Roman empire was centered around ConstantinopleJustinian became emperor in 527/ determined to reestablish the Roman empire in the Mediterranean/ reached his goals by 552
4 Life in Constantinople Largest city in Europe in the Middle AgesBased on trade until the 12th century/ Europe’s greatest center of CommerceDuring Justinian’s reign, silkworms were smuggled from China to begin a silk industryHagia Sophia = church of Holy WisdomHippodrome = arena where gladiator fights & chariot races were held
5 Justinian and Theodora Autocrat – ruler who has complete authorityJustinian ruled as an autocrat with the help of Theodora. Created a huge Christian empireEmpire reached its greatest size
6 Justinian and Theodora Built Hagia SophiaRebuilt the Hippodrome
7 Justinian and Theodora Justinian created the Body of Civil Law = code of Roman laws that was the basis of imperial law in Eastern Roman empire until its end in 1453Aka Justinian’s Code
8 Justinian’s Code of Laws Laws were fairer to women. They could own property and raise their own children after their husbands died.Children allowed to choose their own marriage partners.Slavery was legal and slaves must obey their masters.Punishments were detailed and fit the crimeHis work inspired the modern concept and, indeed, the very spelling of "justice".
11 Beginning of Byzantine Empire Justinian’s conquest left Eastern Roman empire with too much land to protect far from ConstantinopleArab Muslims were the biggest threat to Eastern Roman EmpireIslamic forces defeated an army of Eastern Roman at Yarmuk in 636 & lost Syria & Palestine679, Bulgars defeated the Eastern Roman empire & took possession of the lower Danube Valley8th century, Eastern Roman empire was much smaller (Asia minor & eastern Balkans)
12 Byzantine Empire Both a Greek & Christian state Greek replaced Latin as the official languageChristian church became known as Eastern Orthodox ChurchByzantine emperor controlled the church & the stateEmperor appointed the head of the churchGovernment & religious officials were all bound together in the service of a spiritual ideal
17 The End of the Byzantine Empire The Byzantine empire drew to a close in 1453 when forces from the Muslim Ottoman Empire surrounded and conquered Constantinople.The ancient Christian city was renamed Istanbul and became the capital of the Ottoman Empire.