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The Baroque Period 1600-1750.

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Presentation on theme: "The Baroque Period 1600-1750."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Baroque Period

2 Historical Facts Galileo & Newton were discovering new ways to explain the universe In music, art, architecture, and fashion, fancy decoration & ornamentation became the rule Men & Women wore wigs and coats with lace Composers continued to be employeed by the church & wealthy- the patronage system Patrons paid for the composer’s work, so they decided what they wrote- limiting creative freedom Important Composers: Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frederic Handel, Johann Pachelbel, Georg Phillip Telemann, Henry Purcell and Antonio Vivaldi.

3 Baroque Characterisitics
Form Dances were popular during this period as well as preludes, fugues, suites, toccatas and theme and variations. Binary ( 2 beat) and ternary ( 3 beat) forms were used frequently. Harmony Two or more melodies played at the same time created a musical texture called counterpoint. There were frequent harmonic changes. Tonality was based on major and minor keys.

4 Baroque Characteristics, Cont’d
Keyboard instruments clavichord, harpsichord, and organ Rhythm Emphasis was on strong beats, upbeats and fast-changing rhythmic motion. Eighths, 16ths and triplets were frequently used. Eighth note = ½ beat 16th note = ¼ beat Triplet divides the beat in 3 Style Faster notes were normally played legato- connected & smooth Slower notes were normally played nonlegato.- seperated Ornaments were used frequently

5 Trends in Music Complex polyphonic music Accompanying chords
Dynamics & tempo markings Dynamics- volume Tempo- speed Improvisation Used music to express emotions- joy & anger

6 Vocal Baroque Music Opera- combined music, acting, scenery, costumes, and props Actors and actresses sing the libretto (script) Opera Seria- Serious Opera Opera Buffa- Funny Opera First Opera- “Orfeo” by Claudio Monteverdi Cantata- series of arias and recitatives, not staged or acted

7 Instrumental Baroque Music
Instruments- flute, oboe, bassoon, trombone, valveless trumpets and horns, harpsichord, organ, timpani Music written for instruments contained several sections called movements Concerto featured one soloist or a group of soloists usually contained three movements (fast-slow-fast). Antonio Vivaldi's Four Seasons

8 Composers Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) Dietrich Buxtehude
Arcangelo Corelli ( ) Francois Couperin ( ) Girolamo Frescobaldi George Frideric Handel ( ) Elizabeth-Claude Jacquet de la Guerre ( ) Jean-Baptiste Lully Claudio Monteverdi ( ) Jacopo Peri Georg Phillip Telemann Henry Purcell ( ) Jean-Philippe Rameau ( ) Alessandro Scarlatti Heinrich Schutz ( ) Antonio Vivaldi ( )

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