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Robot Framework – Basic Level. Date: 2011-10-03 Version:1.0 Page 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Robot Framework – Basic Level. Date: 2011-10-03 Version:1.0 Page 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Robot Framework – Basic Level. Date: 2011-10-03 Version:1.0 Page 1

2 Robot Framework - Introduction Robot Framework is a generic test automation framework for acceptance testing and acceptance test-driven development (ATDD). Page 2

3 Robot Framework - Introduction It has easy-to-use tabular test data syntax and utilizes the keyword-driven testing approach. Page 3

4 Robot Framework - Introduction Its testing capabilities can be extended by test libraries implemented either with Python or Java, and users can create new keywords from existing ones using the same syntax that is used for creating test cases. Page 4

5 Robot Framework - Features  Enables easy-to-use tabular syntax for creating test cases in a uniform way.creating test cases  Allows using keyword-driven, data-driven and behavior-driven (BDD) approaches.keyword-driven, data-driven and behavior-driven (BDD)  Provides ability to create reusable higher-level keywords from the existing keywords.higher-level keywords  Provides easy-to-read reports and logs in HTML format.reports and logs  Is platform and application independent.  The modular architecture supports creating tests even for applications with several diverse interfaces.modular architecture  Provides a simple library API for creating customized test libraries.library API  Provides a command line interface and XML based outputs for integration into existing build infrastructure (continuous integration systems).command line interface and XML based outputs  Provides support for Selenium for web testing, Java GUI testing, running processes, Telnet, SSH, Swing, and so on.SeleniumJava GUI testingrunning processes TelnetSSH  Remote library interface enables distributed testing and implementing test libraries in any programming language. Remote library interface  Provides tagging to categorize and select test cases to be executed.tagging  Has built-in support for variables, practical particularly for testing in different environments.variables Page 5

6 How to install? ROBOT FRAMEWORK  SELENIUM RC  Page 6

7 Plugins and Libraries  FireFox:  Firebug integrates with Firefox to put a wealth of development tools at your fingertips while you browse. You can edit, debug, and monitor CSS, HTML, and JavaScript live in any web page. Firebug  XPath Checker is a Firefox Extension for testing XPath expressions interactively. XPath Checker Page 7

8 Plugins and Libraries  ROBOT (buil in):  Selenium Library (used in the workshop). SeleniumLibrary is a Robot Framework test library that uses the popular Selenium web testing tool internally. It provides a powerful combination of simple test data syntax and support for different browsers. Selenium Library  Database Library Database Library is a Robot Framework test library that provides common funtionality for testing database contents. Database Library  SSH Library It enables execution of commands on a remote machine over an SSH connection. It also offers possibility to transfer files from and to a remote machine. SSH Library  Swing Library SwingLibrary is a Robot Framework test library for testing Java Swing applications. Swing Library  Dialogs test library Dialogs is Robot Framework's standard library that provides means for pausing the test execution and getting input from users. Page 8

9 Documentation – for example SeleniumLibrary  All keywords in SeleniumLibrary that need to find an element on the page take an argument, locator.  In the most common case, locator is matched against the values of key attributes of the particular element type.  For example, id and name are key attributes to all elements, and locating elements is easy using just the id as a locator Page 9

10 How to find LOCATOR?  For example button from  1. Click RMB on button  2. Choose Inspect element (Zbadaj element) from menu. Page 10

11 How to start using ROBOT? 1. Run Selenium Server RC (click shortcut on desktop) or from Terminal* : java -jar /usr/local/lib/python2.6/dist- packages/SeleniumLibrary/lib/selenium-server.jar -port 4444 2. Run RIDE: Shortcut „ctrl+i” or from Terminal* type Tips: run Terminal – Aplications>Accessories>Terminal or shortcut „ctr+ ~ ” (tylda) Page 11

12 1. Step - Creating new PROJECT  1. Create NEW PROJECT (File>New Project)  and select options: Page 12

13 Add Libraries to PROJECT  Choose Project_name and add three LIBRARIES:  TIPS: Selenium Library is with argument value 15 – stands for 15 seconds timeout Page 13

14 Test setup and teardown  Test setup and teardown Test setup and teardown  Robot Framework has similar test setup and teardown functions as many other test automation frameworks.  In short, a test setup is something that is executed before a test case and a test teardown is executed after a test case. Page 14 Test setup: 1. Open FireFox browser 2. Go to Test case: Run all test steps in Test Case Test teardown: Close browser

15 Teardown – what for? Page 15  What makes a test teardown special is that it is executed also when a test case fails, so it can be used for clean-up activities that must be done regardless of the test case status.  Both a setup and a teardown can also easily be specified for all test cases in a test suite, so using them avoids repetition.

16 2 Step – Create Test Setup  1. Click RMB on Project_name > New User Keyword Page 16

17 2 Step – Create Test Setup  2. Type in table:  ff – stands for FireFox browser  Page 17

18 2 Step – Create Test Setup  Tips: Start typing ‚Open Br..’ and then use ‚ctr+space’ for autocompletion. Page 18

19 2 Step – Create Test Teardown  1. Click RMB on Project_name > New User Keyword  2. Type in script table: Page 19

20 Adding setup and teardown - success  Select Test Setup and Test Teardown into Project Settings Page Page 20

21 SAVE  Save:Hit ‚ctrl+shift+s’  or click (save button): Page 21

22 Create new TEST CASE  Click RMB on Project_name > New test Case Page 22

23 Excrsise 1 – Steps 1.Open FF and go to (this part is in Test Setup) 2.Input text ROWER in search field. 3.Click submitt button 4.VALIDATE: Results page schould contain text ‚ROWER’ Page 23

24 Excrsise 1 – Steps 1.Input steps into script table: Page 24

25 Run test case 1.Select RUN bookmark 2.Select checkbox for test case 3.Hit ‚START’ and… Page 25

26 View Report and Logs  After finish test case view Report and Logs  Report and Logs opens in browser. Page 26

27 Exercise 1a (variables) – Steps 1. Copy exercise 1 test case 2. In script:  add new row (RMB>Insert Rows)  replace Value ‚Rower’ to ${item} Page 27

28 Exercise - 2  1. Step: Page 28

29 Exercise - 2  2. Step:  Input Text ${item}  DropBox:‚którekolwiek ze słów’  Chcechbox: ‚Szukaj również w opisach’ and ‚Odbiór osobisty’  Radiobutton: ‚Wszystkie województwa’ Page 29

30 Exercise - 2 Page 30

31 Creating User keywords 1.Click RMB on New User Keyword 2.Named it as ‚Find item’ 3.Add new Argument ${item_name} 4.Hit New Keyword appears: Page 31

32 Creating User keywords 1.Select all rows from Excercise 2 – copy to clipbord (ctr+c) 2.Paste it to ‚Find item’ keyowrd ` Page 32

33 Exercise 3 – using user keywords  Use ‚Find item’ keyword to build script  Then on Results Page delete dynamic link (shown as button) Page 33

34 Exercise 3 – using user keywords Excercise 3 script: Page 34

35 Excersise 4 - Loops  Find few items in one Test Case  Script for Loop is: Page 35

36 How LOOP works? 1.Find zegar 2.Click link ${item_name} = zegar 1.Find kubek 2.Click link ${item_name} = kubek 1.Find zeszyt 2.Click link ${item_name} = zeszyt Page 36

37 The End Page 37

38 Page 38

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