2 AlliterationThe repetition of a sound at the beginning of a word, for example:“A little alliteration lets the lesson linger longer”
3 RhymeRepetition of ending sounds is called rhyme. Rhyme may be found within the same line of poetry or at the end of lines.
4 Simile & MetaphorA simile is a comparison of two things using the word like or as.A metaphor is a comparison of two unlike things without using clue words such as like or as. Here’s a jingle to help you!!
5 Simile and Metaphor Jingle “A simile is like a song it’s easy to remember; a metaphor makes soft white snow sifted sugar in December.”
6 PersonificationGiving human like traits to a NON-human object. For example, the wind might be described as a person banging on a window.
7 SymbolismThe use of an object, person, place, or even event that stands for something else.
8 ThemeThe message of a poem. The theme is what the writer wants to get across to you, as the reader.
9 ImageryWords that appeal to the five senses: taste, touch, smell, see, and hear. These words are used to “paint a picture” in your mind.
10 CoupletA couplet is a pair of lines that has end rhyme (the end of the line of poetry rhymes) Example:Jane was sad he had gone,But she knew his spirit would live on.
11 StanzaA stanza is a group of lines in a poem. Stanzas are generally separated by a double space.
12 Narrative PoetryA narrative poem tells a story, just like a short story. It has an introduction, rising action, climax, falling action, and a conclusion. It also will have characters.Example: “The Highwayman”
13 REMEMBER!Poem titles require QUOTATION marks, so make sure to use them when you are answering questions on your homework, study guide, etc