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Published byBarry Cross
Modified over 5 years ago
Nutrition Child Care Mrs. Tucker
PROTEIN Food Sources – meat, poultry, fish, nuts Body Needs – to build and repair body tissues Nutrient Shortage – poor growth
CALCIUM Food Sources – milk, cheese, yogurt Body Needs – build strong bones & teeth Nutrient Shortage – poor bones; weak teeth
PHOSPHOROUS Food Sources – milk, cheese, whole grain breads & cereals Body Needs – strong bones and teeth Nutrient Shortage – poor bones & weak teeth
IRON Food Sources – liver, spinach, raisins, egg yolks Body Needs – hemoglobin of red blood cells Nutrient shortage – anemia (tired, pale, weak, bruises)
IODINE Food Sources – seafood, iodized salt Body Needs – activity of thyroid gland Nutrient Shortage - goiter
VITAMIN A Food Sources – green leafy vegetables (spinach, broccoli, etc.) or yellow vegetables (squash) Body Needs – to maintain healthy skin and eye perception Nutrient Shortage – night blindness; poor skin condition
VITAMIN B Also called “thiamine” Food Sources – whole grain breads & cereals Body Needs – healthy nervous system; good digestive function Nutrient shortage – poor appetite and slow growth
VITAMIN C Food Sources – oranges, lemons, limes, tomatoes, strawberries Body Needs – helps hold cells together in blood vessel walls Nutrient Shortage – scurvy; bruise easily
VITAMIN D Food Sources – milk, egg yolk, and even sunshine Body Needs – helps body utilize calcium and phosphorus Nutrient Shortage – disease called “rickets”; weak bones and teeth
CARBOHYDRATE Food Sources – breads, cereals, pasta, sugar, fruits, potatoes Body Needs – supplies “quick energy” and fiber Nutrient Shortage – lack of energy; constipation
FATS Food Sources – butter, margarine, salad dressings, egg yolks, fat found on meat Body Needs – provides “stored energy”; insulates body Nutrient Shortage – slow growth; inabiltity to retain body heat
WATER Food Sources – beverages Body Needs – regulates body processes & regulates body temperature Nutrient Shortage - dehydration
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