3 National Policy1986 -the Biotechnology was declared by the Mongolian Government as one of the main priority areas of science and technology for the National Economy Development1991- National Program on Biotechnology for elaborated by the Ministry of Science and Education , due to social economical changes faced to the country was not considered by the Government .1998 -the Biotechnology Sub-Program elaborated2002 -the National Program of Science and Technology Development towards the year 2010 has special section for Biotechnology
4 Biotechnology institutions The biotechnology research is being conducted mainly by following institutions:the Center for Biotechnology andthe Division of Microbiology at the Institute of Biology; Mongolian Academy of Sciences;the Research Institute of Animal Husbandrythe Research Institute of VeterinaryMonenzyme Science and Production Co.SHIM Research and Production Co .Further, 6 universities and institutes have biotechnology teaching and research activities
5 Biotechnology activities The main activities of biotechnology going at present in Mongolia are:- research and production of diagnostics, vaccines andbioproducts for human and animal health- production of food and fodder additives, also biofertilizers- increase biological resources of useful and rare plants bymethods of cell culture techniques- development of embryo transfer methods to increase numberof high quality animals, also to use this method for animalconservation purposes
6 International collaborations APCTTICGEBAPOthe Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnologythe Japan Bioindustry Associationand other institutions.
7 Problems High investment costs Lack of qualified personnel Lack of sufficient research laboratoriesShortage of experiencesLack of inadequate financial supports
8 Participation in BINASIA exchange information related to the national and international biotechnology activitieswill serve as a communication link among researchers, policy makers, businessmen and other people with varied information on biotechnology to promote international collaboration in different areas of biotechnologythe setting up a homepage on the Internet ( or CD-ROM) will give easy and free access to all the member countriesMongolia needs in good computers