Presentation on theme: "EMILY DICKINSON Her life Her works Conclusion Dickinson was born in Amherst,"— Presentation transcript:
EMILY DICKINSON Her life Her works Conclusion Dickinson was born in Amherst,
Her life Emily Dickinson (1830-1886 ) Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, to a family well known for educational and political activity. Her father, an orthodox Calvinist, was a lawyer and treasurer of Amherst College, and also served in Congress. She was educated at Amherst Academy (1834-47) and Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (1847-48).
Around 1850 Dickinson started to write poems. After the Civil War Dickinson restricted her contacts outside Amherst to exchange of letters, dressed only in white and saw few of the visitors who came to meet her. In fact,she spent most of her time in her room. As a radical individualist,she never married and led an unconventinonal life that was outwardly uneventful but was full of inensity.
About her works as an American lyrical poet, and an obsessively private writer -- only seven of her some 1800 poems were published during her lifetime. After Dickinson's death in 1886, her sister brought out her poems. She co-edited three volumes from 1891 to 1896. Despite its editorial imperfections, the first volume became popular. In the early decades of the twentieth century, the poet's niece, transcribed and published more poems, and in 1945 Bolts Of Melody essentially completed the task of bringing Dickinson's poems to the public. The publication of Thomas H. Johnson's 1955 edition of Emily Dickinson's poems finally gave readers a complete and accurate text.
Dickinson was not widely read,but she knew the Bible, the works of William Shakespeare,and works of classical mythology in great depth.These were her true teachers,for Dickinson was the certainly the most solitary literary figure of her time.
Dickinson's poetry reflects her loneliness and the speakers of her poems generally live in a state of want, but her poems are also marked by the intimate recollection of inspirational moments which are decidedly life-giving and suggest the possibility of happiness. Her work was heavily influenced by the Metaphysical poets of seventeenth-century England, as well as her reading of the Book of Revelation and her upbringing in a Puritan New England town which encouraged a Calvinist, orthodox, and conservative approach to Christianity.
She loved nature and found deep inspiration in the birds,animals,plants,and changing seasons of the New England countryside. While she celebrates simple obejects like flowers and bees,she aslo explores the dark and hidden part of the mind,dramatizing death and grave.
Many of her poems are about mock currut sentimentality,and some are even heretical;she sometimes shows a terrifying existential awareness. She had an excellent sense of humor,and her range of subjects and treament is amazingly wide.
Her poems have no fat.she never uses two words when one will do. She frequently use dashes, sporadic capitalization of nouns, off-rhymes, broken metre, unconventional metaphors.
Conclusion Dickinson’s poems continue to intrigue critics,some stress her mystical side,some her sensitivity to natrue,many note her odd,exotic appeal.but her clean,clear,chiseled poems are some of the most fascinating and challenging in American literatrue.