5 Deciduous Forest Biome Large Trees – Shed leaves each winterAt least 50 cm of rain each yearThe weather in this area changes with the seasons
6 Deciduous Forest Biome Virginia is located in this biome.
7 Coniferous Forest Biome Also called Boreal Forest or TaigaLargest Biome in WorldMost abundant plant life is coniferous trees – cone bearing
8 Coniferous Forest Biome The weather here is colder. Winters have much more snow. Summers don’t get quite as warm.Total snowfall can reach more than 20 feet per year!!!Video :
9 Rain Forest Biome 2 types: Both have many species of plants & animals Tropical Rain Forest - found near the equatorTemperate Rain Forest – found NW USABoth have many species of plants & animals25%57%18%
10 Tropical Rain Forest Biome Lots of rain!!!! Wettest place on earth. It rains every day – 400 inches per year (That’s 9-30 feet)Very warm & humid all year long – average temp. is 80OFTrees form distinct layers –Canopy – top layer of treesUnderstory – 2nd layer of trees
11 Tropical Rain Forest Biome LOTS of plant & animalsMost diverse place on earth!!!Video:
12 Grassland Biomes Also Called Prairies & Savannahs 25 – 75 cm of rain a yearEnough to rain to support grasses and bushes, but not enough to support trees.
13 Grassland BiomesSavannahs closer to equator & receive more rain up to 120 cm.Have scattered shrubs & small treesGrasslands support the largest animals on EarthVideo
14 Desert BiomesA desert is an area that receives less than 25cm (10 inches) of rain per year. (Some don’t get any)Most deserts get very hot during the day and get very cold at night.
15 Desert Biomes Animals & plants have adapted to preserve water Most animals are nocturnal
16 Tundra Biome The land here is very cold and dry. Very little precipitationLand is frozen all year (permafrost)
17 Tundra Biome Short summer – top layer of soil defrosts Mosses, grasses, shrubs & dwarf bushesInsects, birds, reindeer, foxes, wolves, hares
18 Freshwater Biomes Not Saltwater!!! Account for 1/5 of Earth 2 Groups Ponds & LakesRivers & StreamsSunlight only reaches top of waterAlgae is the most abundant plant in the water biomes because photosynthesis can only occur at top layers of water
19 Ponds and Lakes Still water Lakes are deeper than ponds. Sometimes ponds are shallow enough for sunlight to reach the bottom which lets plants grow.
20 Streams and Rivers The water runs fast in these areas. Plants and animals must be able to survive in the fast running waterVideo :
21 Marine Biomes Salt or Brackish Water Oceans & Estuaries Plants & animals must have adaptations to survive in salt waterVideo :
22 EstuariesThis is where the water from the rivers and streams runs into the ocean, making a mixture of salt and fresh water.Lots of sun – lots of plants