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Invasive Species as a Trilateral Challenge Preventing the Introduction and Spread of Aquatic Invasives Species in North America Commission for Environmental Cooperation Of North America
Three Countries. One Environment.
In North America 400 million people Shared ecosystem –Transboundary flow of air, water, species and threats 400 million people Shared ecosystem –Transboundary flow of air, water, species and threats
Open economy In North America 400 million people Shared ecosystem –Transboundary flow of air, water, species and threats 400 million people Shared ecosystem –Transboundary flow of air, water, species and threats –$11 trillion goods/services –NAFTA – doubled trade since 1993 –$11 trillion goods/services –NAFTA – doubled trade since 1993
This project seeks to protect North Americas marine and aquatic ecosystems from the effects of aquatic invasive species. The initiative will assist the development of a North American approach to prevention and control aimed at eliminating pathways for the introduction of invasive species among the coastal and fresh waters of Canada, Mexico and the United States. The CEC stewardship role
The challenge of Invasive Species in NA Numerous national and international initiatives and agreements are dealing already with the problem Regional cooperation on invasives is currently incipient but is promising CEC can help attain a continental perspective that includes all stakeholders A trilateral approach to the prevention & control of invasive species could enable all three countries to make the issue a significant priority, develop a mutually supportive legal & policy frameworks, share information and technical capacity, and use limited resources efficiently
1st. NA Workshop on Preventing the Introduction and Spread of Aquatic Invasive Species Montreal, 2001 Industry Wildlife managers Policy makers Law enforcement Scientists, academics, modellers NGOs
Ballast water Aquaculture Live bait Aquarists Bio-informatics C & P: Regulatory approaches C & P:Voluntary approaches Public awarness & outreach
Bio-informatics, modelling & prediction Promote the use of shared vocabularies for indexing and accessing information on invasive species Increase taxonomic capacity; Correct and timely identification of invasive species is essential to any information system supporting their detection, assessment and control. Timely and accessible use of information; Given the economic and ecological importance of introduced species, promote free and open access to information on the identity, occurrences, spread, and risks associated with aquatic invasive species
Control & prevention: Regulatory approaches Who is who: Directory of North American government agencies and other institutions dealing with invasive species Understand regulatory frameworks, identify gaps and share lessons learned Identify Invasive Species of Common Concern: Government attention Identify North American Priorities for Vectors and Pathways Identify regional actions required to heighten awareness of invasive species problem: Organize Regional Workshops
Control & prevention: Voluntary approaches Goal: Improve management practices and consumer behavior. Minimize the probability of the establishment of exotic species at minimal cost Conduct baseline and follow up survey of industry and public regarding its knowledge and use of codes of conducts Identify economic incentives to encourage public and industry participation Measure compliance costs and competitiveness effects of each economic incentive identified
Public Awareness Development Goal: Raise awareness of the public concerning the threats, consequences (both ecological and economic) of aquatic invasive species and potential actions that can be taken to change the attitudes and behaviors of society Coordinate a mass media campaign to help change attitudes and actions of society Develop and strengthen networks of stakeholders involved in and concerned about the aquatic invasive species issue Encourage public participation and involvement in actions to prevent, control and eradicate aquatic invasive species
Recommended priority areas for cooperation in North America A NA Invasive Species Information Network; Regional directory of legal and institutional frameworks for both regulatory and voluntary measures; Identify invasive species and invasion pathways of common concern and priorities for bi- or tri-lateral cooperation; Develop and distribute tools for raising awareness of the issue and empowering key stakeholders; Identify tools to provide economic incentives to industries and other private stakeholders.
1.Translation of Educational materials & video/book accessible to a wide public 2.Consumer awareness project Aquaria 3.Completing a continental biological survey 4.Cost-Benefit assessment methodology (Economic impact) 5.NA distributed database on Aquatic Invasive Species 1.Monosexual populations of potential invasive crustaceans 2.Monitoring program for freshwater & marine plankton 3.Prevention of spreading invasive algae/sea weed on the Pacific Coast of NA 4.HACCP for tilapia as a model 5.Evaluation of native/exotic fish diversity Rio Grande – Rio Bravo Cooperation Priorities identified San Diego, 2003
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