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Energy Resources.

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Presentation on theme: "Energy Resources."— Presentation transcript:

1 Energy Resources

2 Non-Renewable Energy Coal Natural Gas Oil Nuclear

3 Renewable Energy Sources
Solar Wind Geothermal Hydroelectric Tidal Biomass

4 Fossil Fuels Pros Cons cheap plentiful technology exists
oil can be transported over long distances by pipeline contributes to climate change (builds up carbon dioxide in atmosphere) unsustainable (depletion of stock over time) will become difficult to extract ( becomes dangerous as they go further into the sea or deeper into the ground) oil spillages and pipelines burst damage ecosystems ( expensive to clear up) mines clear up habitat from surface coal not easily transported over long distance

5 Nuclear Energy Pros Cons does not emit carbon dioxide
technology is available vast amounts of electrical energy produced by a single power plant very efficient ( 1kg uranium contains times more energy than 1kg of coal nuclear waste is VERY dangerous, remains for thousands of years with no solution found yet the more power plants, the higher risks of having a disastrous failure somewhere in the world uranium is the energy source which is scarce and a non-renewable source with a estimated time of 30-60years left before depletion (depending on demand) time to plan/build a nuclear plant is years

6 Hydroelectric Power Pros Cons
blocked lake can be used for leisure, irrigation and electricity generation once built they are cheap to run vast areas may be flooded, which causes loss of homes, farmlands and displacement of people expensive erosion rates increase might silt up area and become unusable

7 Tidal Power Pros Cons Will not run out No pollution expensive
might be harmful to wildlife needs good tidal range

8 Solar Energy Pros Cons solar energy with insulation is cheaper than fossil fuel energy when heating homes expensive useless in winter in northern countries Only works when the sun is out

9 Wind Power Pros Cons Small ecological footprint No pollutants
no wind = no energy placement is critical, needs constant wind Can kill wildlife

10 Biofuel Pros Cons produces emissions
requires large areas of land to plant biofuel crop pushes up food prices locals do not get enough food may destroy surrounding ecosystems to grow on

11 Energy from Waste Pros Cons available does not deplete natural gas
useful way of getting rid of waste global warming gases released into atmosphere

12 Geothermal Energy Pros Cons No pollution
Needs to be buried deep under the ground our under water Expensive

13 MEDCs have higher energy demands than LEDCs, as they depend on energy for many things such as transport, heating, air-conditioning, cooking and all other aspects of their lives. The choice of what energy source should be used is different from country to country. Some have large oil, coal and gas reserves and that makes fossil fuels an obvious choice for an energy source. However generation of energy also depends on its availability, economy, cultural, environmental and technological factors. When an energy resource is available and close, it is more easier and efficient to use.

14 Culture fears based on the fear of nuclear accidents and waste, have made it quite unpopular to choose. Cultural and tradition means that non-renewable resources are favored, and the places with renewable energy resources are limited. Renewable energy sources are not being used much globally which means that it is still not ready to meet current demands. Renewable sources can be used more if the production prices of the non-renewable sources are increased. This may better the environment as higher costs of the fossil furls means that peoples view will change. Peoples interest in renewable resources has led to an increased demand for renewable and non-pollution sources. This leads to greater investments and research into more alternatives or improvements.

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