2 Starting Point The roots of WWI date back to the 1860’s. 1870, the Prussians had attacked and defeated France.forced the French to give up territory along the German border.1871, Prussia had united Germany and proclaimed the birth of the German Empire.There were several factors that led to the outbreak of World War One, or as it was known then, the great war…
3 NationalismNationalism - feeling of intense pride of one’s homeland, had become a powerful idea in Europe.One of the basic ideas of nationalism is the right to self-determination - the idea that people who belong to a nation should have their own country and government.Among the groups pushing for independence were the Serbs, Bosnians, Croats, and Slovenes.
5 Competition of colonies Due to Imperialism, European nations had colonies in Africa and AsiaColonies supplied European nations with raw materials
6 Build-up of military might Nationalism encouraged forces to achieve its goalGermany had best trained army & began to challenge the British navyAdvances in technology to fight longer wars
7 The Assassination that started a War June of 1914 Franz Ferdinand (Prince of Austria Hungary) visited the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo.A Bosnian revolutionary name Gavrilo Princip rushed their open car and shot Ferdinand and his wife to death.The assassin was a member of a Serbian nationalist group nicknamed the “Black Hand.”
8 Austria-Hungary believed that Serbia’s government was behind the killing and declared war on them
9 System of Military Alliances Russia pledged to help Serbia if war broke outFrance would help RussiaGermany would help Austria HungaryGermany invasion of Belgium to get to France led Britain to join forces with France and Russia (Domino Effect)
10 Sides of WWI in 1914 when it began… Allies -Russia,France and GreatBritain, later the United StatesCentral Powers -Austria - Hungary, Germany, Ottoman Empire.
12 Germany on the Offensive German troops swept through Belgium and headed into France, driving back the French and British forces.Then Russian troops invaded Germany.Forced to pull some of their troops away from the attack on France and send them east to stop the Russians.This weakened the German forces just enough to give the Allies a chance to stop them.
13 Battle of MarneThe Germans drove to w/in 30 miles of Paris, but stubborn resistance by British and French troops finally stopped the German advance.Both sides became locked in a bloody stalemate along hundreds of miles of trenches that would barely change position for the next 3 years.
14 New Weapons of WWITrench Warfare – A system of open air Tunnels, 6-8 feet deep that extends 450 miles across Belgium, France, to SwitzerlandArea in between the battle lines were called “no man’s land”Machine guns – pinned men in trenches, grenades, and Poisonous gases – invented by Germans
15 Trench Warfare Reserve Trench Support Trench Firing trench Cover TrenchCommunication Trenchesx x x x xX x x x x x x x x x x x xx xx xx x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x xBarbed WireNo Man’s Land30yd to 1 mile
16 Flame throwersTanks – invented by the BritishSubmarines – the German U-boat was the first and ruled the seas
17 Used mainly to observe enemy activities Fighter planesUsed mainly to observe enemy activitiesThis led to air combats - dogfightsAerial bombing in early stages during WWIIf you shot down 5 or more planes you were considered an ace. The Red Baron of Germany shot down the most…80
18 PREPARE FOR QUIZTAKE OUT A HALF SHEET OF PAPERNUMBER 1-5
19 QUIZ Name the 3 countries that formed the Triple Entente or Allies What is the feeling of intense pride of one’s homeland, had become a powerful idea in Europe?Who was the Archduke Franz Ferdinand's assassin?Name the 3 countries that formed the Central Powers?Name 3 Weapons of WWI.