Today’s Population South Africa is a multi-racial society comprising of four separate racial groups: Blacks, Coloureds, Asians and Whites Approx ¾ Black Africans 8% Couloureds (mixed race) 3% Asian 15% White (mostly Dutch – Afrikan)
Brief Timeline 1652 White settlers arrive from Holland 1860s England sends army to seize control By 1902 Britain controls South Africa 1899-1902 Dutch (Boers/Afrikaners) revolt against English rule = Boer War Until 1940s struggle continues 1948 Afrikaner Nationalist Party gains majority and introduces apartheid
The word ‘Apartheid’ The term apartheid comes from the Afrikaans word for "apartness”.
Brief Definition Social and political policy of racial segregation and discrimination enforced by white minority governments in South Africa from 1948 to 1994.
White Domination Afrikaners were the driving force behind the idea that black Africans should not only be segregated from whites, but should also have very few political rights. Racial discrimination was associated with the enactment of 1948 apartheid laws.
Examples of Apartheid Laws Immorality Act: made marriages between blacks and whites illegal. Native Service Contract: African labourer could not be absent from employer without permission. Native Representation Act: black Africans could not vote alongside Whites. They would vote separately for their own members of Parliament – who had to be White!
Nelson Mandela Led African National Congress, a black liberation group that opposed South Africa’s white minority government and apartheid. Initially opposed to violence, but after a massacre of unarmed black South Africans in 1962, he began advocating acts of sabotage against the government.
1962 Mandela begins 27 year stay in prison During his imprisonment, Mandela became a symbol of the anti-apartheid movement. Mandela rejected several government offers to allow him to leave prison on the condition that he renounce violence.
Mandela is released Three years after his release South Africans of all races allowed to vote for first time in a national election. Mandela is selected as president with 62% of the vote, thus becoming South Africa’s first black president.
Apartheid – The Real Story http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZwgAPlXObA4&feature=related
South African Students Discuss Apartheid http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JGbZwGQ4YNs&feature=fvw