Presentation on theme: "Imperialists Divide Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1 Imperialists Divide Africa Motives, Forces and Colonization
2 TermsImperialismThe takeover of a country or territory by a stronger nation with the intent of dominating the political, economic, and social life of the conquered people.
3 Terms: GeopoliticsForeign policy based on the strategic location or resources & products of other lands.
4 Terms Social Darwinism Herbert Spencer’s version of Darwin’s biological “survival of the fittest” theory applied to social change.The “fittest” enjoy wealth and social success and are “superior” to others. Non-Europeans are on a lower scale because they do not have the technology to compete.
11 Berlin Conference, 1884 & 1885An agreement was made by 14 European nations about how to divide the continent of Africa among them. Britain dominated the conference.African ethnic and linguistic groups were arbitrarily distributed among European nationsNo African leader invited. Only Liberia & Ethiopia remained free (Map, pg. 343)
12 Three Groups Clash Over South African Territory Zulus led by Shaka have a highly disciplined and organized military and a centralized state that is defeated by the British by 1887.During the l830s the Boers (Dutch settlers & their descendents) war against the British who force the Boers to move north (Great Trek).Boers go up against the Zulus
13 Groups (cont.)1860s & 1880s gold and diamond mines are discovered. Boers go to war against the British (Boer wars). British win
14 Final OutcomeBy 1902 Boer colonies join together as Union of South Africa under British control.