Presentation on theme: "ICZM in Europe Anne Burrill"— Presentation transcript:
1 ICZM in Europe Anne Burrill Unit E.3 Enlargement and Neighbouring CountriesEuropean Commission - DG Environment
2 Contents Why the EU gives special attention to the coastal zones The EU ICZM RecommendationEU Maritime PolicyEU Priorities for ICZMRelations with our Partners in the MediterraneanClosing Remarks
3 Why special attention for coastal zones ? A Concentration of People
4 Why special attention for coastal zones ? Economic activity of strategic importance
5 Why special attention for coastal zones ? Rich Biodiversity
6 Why special attention for coastal zones ? Scarcity of Space
7 Why special attention for coastal zones ? Coastal Erosion
8 The EU ICZM Recommendation (2002/413/EC) A strategic approach to coastal zone management and planning. Aim: achieve sustainable development.Based on common principles, reflecting good territorial governance.Set in motion a process:- Development of National ICZM strategies, following a stock-take- Reports to the Commission: February 2006- Evaluation and Commission report to Council and European Parliament June 2007
9 ICZM Recommendation – Contents (1) Coastal planning and management should be based on:- ecosystem approach, sustainable resources use- climate change effects- sound coastal protection, including of cultural heritage- sustainable economic/job opportunities- a functioning social and cultural system in local communities- access to the coast - for leisure / landscape- cohesion (accessibility remote coastal settlements)
10 ICZM Recommendation – Contents (2) Eight Defining Principles:(a) broad thematic and geographic perspective(b) long-term perspective(c) adaptive management / sound knowledge basis(d) local specificity(e) working with natural processes, “carrying capacity”(f) involving all the parties concerned(g) involvement of all relevant administrative bodies at national, regional and local level *(h) use of a mix of instruments, to facilitate coherence between sectoral policy objectives and between planning and management.
11 ICZM Recommendation – Evaluation Results, June 2007 Good feedback (14/20 Member States; 70% coastline)Progress since 2000 but mature ICZM still rarely observedReports show varying scope and nature of actionsLack of common understanding of principles of ICZMKnowledge basis – use and sharing of information is keyContinued need for coherent EU policies / legislation
12 ICZM Recommendation – Evaluation June 2007 - Conclusions Approach and Principles of EU ICZM Recommendation remain validNeed for:Further support to implementationMore systematic comparative analysis and experience exchangeStrengthening the knowledge base and use of informationMaritime Policy offers platform for coherence of policies
13 EU Maritime Policy « Blue Paper » renewed focus onintegration …EU Maritime Policy « Blue Paper »October 2007Same approach as underlying EU ICZM Recommendation :holistic approach to policy making and implementationgood governanceknowledge based approachintegration across land-sea boundary ( “Coasts” are integral part of Maritime Policy)
14 Maritime Policy – Action Plan Guidance for national maritime policiesCollective learningStakeholder consultation structures and networkingResearch strategyData and information (EMODNET, Atlas of the seas ...)
15 EU Priorities for ICZM(1) Adaptation to coastal risks & impacts of climate changeKeys: preventive, long-term, multi-risk / cross-sector approach; integration between prevention and responseWhite paper on Adaptation to Climate Change (3Q 2008)Community Disaster Prevention Strategy (end 2008)Study on adaptation and coastal defence costsCoastal erosion : CONSCIENCE
16 EU Priorities for ICZM (2) Cooperation in regional seas context, including marine spatial planning- Building on Marine Strategy Directive, ICZMRecommendation and existing regional seas structures- Roadmap and preparatory study, exchange of best-practiceCohesion policy: trans-national cooperation programmes “Territorial Cohesion”Helcom (Baltic), OSPAR (Atlantic)Black Sea Synergy / Bucharest convention (Black Sea)UNCLOS …….
17 Relations with Mediterranean Partner Countries (1) Pre-Accession Process: Countries ofSouth East Europe (Balkans and Turkey)progressive transposition and implementation of EU legislation and policy, incl. environmentEU Neighbourhood Policy: Countries ofEastern and Southern Mediterraneancollaboration in developing national environment policy, based on EU experience
18 Relations with Mediterranean Partner Countries (2) Euro-Mediterranean Partnership- Environment component reinforced since 2005 (Horizon 2020 initiative)ENPI finance – Med. basin CBC programmeBarcelona Convention (including its ICZM protocol!)"Barcelona Process: Union for the Mediterranean".
19 Closing RemarksCoastal zones are different from other spaces and require special attention.Integrated coastal zone management is confirmed as the approach needed to address the particular challenges of coastal zones. More efforts need to be deployed to support implementation in the EU.The launch of the overarching EU Maritime Policy provides new impetus at EU level to promote integration on land and sea.The EU wants to work more closely with its Mediterranean Partners, including on ICZM.The ICZM Protocol mirrors the basic principles and objectives of the EU ICZM Recommendation and it fits in the regional sea based approach that the EU envisages.