Presentation on theme: "Nutrients PowerPoint 9. Nutrients Food contains different substances that are needed for health. These are nutrients, water and fiber. All food and drink."— Presentation transcript:
Nutrients Food contains different substances that are needed for health. These are nutrients, water and fiber. All food and drink provide nutrients. Different types of foods provide nutrients in different amounts.
What is a Nutrient A nutrient is a chemical substance in food that helps maintain the body. Some provide energy. All help build cells and tissues, regulate bodily processes such as breathing. No single food supplies all the nutrients the body needs to function.
Proteins Carbohydrates Fats Vitamins Minerals Water
Nutrients that have Calories: Proteins Carbohydrates Fats
Functions Protein is needed for growth and repair. Beef burger What other foods provide protein? Tuna
Functions Carbohydrate provides the main source of energy for the body. What other foods provide carbohydrate? PotatoesPasta
Simple Carbohydrates Enter the Body to Supply- Quick Energy
Complex Carbohydrates Starches and Fibers that provide long lasting energy
Functions Fat is needed for health, but in small amounts. What other foods provide fat? OilButter
Saturated Fats Fats found in animal meats and dairy products.
Unsaturated Fats The Healthy Fat- Fish, Poultry, nuts and oils
Vitamins – Facilitate Chemical Reactions in the body Fat Soluble- Can Be Stored in the body and used when needed (A, D, E, K) Water Soluble – Can not be Stored in the body. The are needed every day. (B and C)
Functions Vitamin A is needed for night vision. What other foods provide Vitamin A? CarrotEggs
Functions Vitamin C is needed for the maintenance of healthy skin. What other foods provide Vitamin C? OrangeKiwi
Minerals – Regulate Chemical Reactions in the body
Functions Iron is a mineral which is needed for healthy blood. What other food provides iron? Roast beefBaked beans
Functions Calcium is a mineral which is needed for the growth and maintenance of strong bones and teeth. What other food provides calcium? MilkCheese
Fiber Some foods also provide fiber. Fiber is not digested by the body, but is needed to keep the gut healthy.
Nutrients Fiber is needed to help keep the gut healthy. What other foods provide fiber? Wholewheat bread Baked potato
The Balance of Good Health Fruit and vegetables Bread, other cereals and potatoes Meat, fish and alternatives Milk and dairy foods Foods containing fat Foods containing sugar
Fruit and Vegetables This group is one of the main provider of: Vitamin A; Vitamin C; fiber.
Bread, other cereals and potatoes This group provides carbohydrate. This is the main source of energy. It also provides fiber.
Milk and dairy foods This is the main group to provide calcium. It also provides Vitamin A.
Meat, fish and alternatives This is the main group to provide protein. It also provides iron.
This group provides fat and sugar (a form of carbohydrate). Foods containing fat / Foods containing sugar
Water Needed to regulate body temperature, cushions joints and make up our blood.
The human body is two-thirds water. Water is an essential nutrient that is involved in every function of the body. Water helps transport nutrients and waste products in and out of cells. Water is necessary for all digestive, absorption, circulatory, and excretory functions Water is needed for the utilization of the water- soluble vitamins. It is needed for the maintenance of proper body temperature.