Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS
Chapter 24 Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS

2 Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Lesson 1 Sexually Transmitted Diseases

3 Communicable Disease Infection Virus Bacteria Toxins Fungi Protozoa
A disease that is spread from one living organism to another or through the environment Infection A condition that occurs when pathogens in the body multiply and damage body cells Virus A piece of genetic material surrounded by a protein coat Take their course in the body, the cells multiply until the immune system kills them off Bacteria Single-celled microorganisms that live almost everywhere Most are harmless, some are helpful (digestion) Toxins Disease-causing bacteria Substances that kill cells or interfere with their functions Can be treated with an antibiotic Fungi Plantlike organisms, cause disease of the lungs, the mucous membrane, and the skin Protozoa Single-celled organism that are larger and more complex than bacteria Rickettsias Resemble bacteria, often enters the body through insect bites

4 What are STDs? Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Infections spread from person to person through sexual contact aka, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Communicable diseases Viruses or Bacterial infections In order for infection to occur, direct genital contact or the exchange of semen or other body fluids with someone infected must occur Asymptomatic The individual show no symptoms, or the symptoms are mild and disappear after the onset of the infection

5 Common STDs: the Top 6 Genital HPV Infections Chlamydia Genital Herpes
Caused by HPV (human papillomavirus) Over 100 kinds Cause genital warts, cervical cancer Chlamydia Bacterial infection that affects the reproductive organs Most common STD among teens Often produces no symptoms Genital Herpes Caused by herpes simplex virus Herpes simplex 1 causes cold sores around the mouth Herpes simplex 2 causes genital sores Gonorrhea Bacterial STD affecting the mucous membranes Asymptomatic for males and mild symptoms for females Left untreated can cause infertility Trichomoniasis Caused by a microscopic protozoan that results in infections of the vagina, urethra and bladder Vaginitis Inflammation of the vagina characterized by discharge, odor, irritation, and itching Syphilis Caused by a spirochete, small bacterium Develop sores in the genital area Three stages: sore, rash, damage of internal organs

6 The STD Epidemic Epidemic Pandemic
Disease outbreak that affects people in the same place and at the same time Pandemic A global outbreak of an infectious disease The US is currently facing an STD epidemic 19 million people are infected with an STD Half are under the age of 24 Go undiagnosed or untreated: Embarrassment or fear Lack of symptoms Misinformation Notification policies

7 Preventing and Treating STDs
Lesson 2 Preventing and Treating STDs

8 Prevention Through Abstinence
Most successful in preventing STDs Bacterial infections can be treated or cured with antibiotics A class of chemical agents that destroy disease-causing microorganisms while leaving the patient unharmed Viral infections are incurable STDs left untreated or not diagnosed early can result in serious permanent damage or long-term health consequences

9 Guidelines for Staying Committed to Abstinence
Set personal limits on physical affection Avoid dating someone who is sexually active or who pressures you to go beyond your limits Avoid situations where you may feel pressured to engage in sexual activity Avoid people who make fun of your decisions or urge high-risk behaviors Choose group outings where you can enjoy the company of friends and avoid pressure to engage in sexual activity Be clear about your decision to practice abstinence Practice refusal skills

10 High-Risk Behaviors Being sexually active with more than one person
Engaging in unprotected sex Engaging in sexual activity with high-risk partners Using alcohol and other drugs

11 HPV Vaccine A vaccine that can prevent cervical cancer, precancerous genital lesions (or sores), and genital warts caused by genital HPV infection Protects against 4 types of HPV infections

12 Diagnosing and Treating STDs

13 Genital HPV Infections

14 Chlamydia

15 Gonorrhea

16 Trichomoniasis

17 Syphilis

18 And More….

Download ppt "Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV/AIDS"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google