3 Alcohol Alcohol is the most commonly used drug in our society today. A significant percentage of teens drink.Alcohol-related collisions are a major safety concern.
4 Alcohol FactsYoung drinking drivers are involved in fatal crashes at twice the rate of drivers aged 21 and older.Drivers aged 16 through are more likely to be alcohol-impaired than any other age group.
5 Every 2 minutes an alcohol-related collision occurs Statistics60% of all teen deaths in car accidents are alcohol-related.Teen males with BAC level of are 18 times more likely to suffer a single vehicle crash than non-drinking counterpartsTeen females at the same level are 54 times more likely to crashImage from:Retrieved 11/09/10Every 2 minutes an alcohol-related collision occurs
6 Just one drink can affect a person mentally and physically! Alcohol FactsNearly half of those killed in alcohol-related collisions had not been drinking, but were victims of drunk drivers.More than half of all fatalities during holidays are alcohol related.Just one drink can affect a person mentally and physically!
7 How You Are AffectedAlcohol slows brain activity and is directly and quickly absorbed into the bloodstream.A driver affected by alcohol has a decreased ability to reason clearly and make sound judgments.
8 How You Are Affected Alcohol weakens a person’s inhibitions. The alcohol-impaired driver may recognize a dangerous situation approaching, but the brain takes longer to process the information and react.
9 BACBlood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) is the amount of alcohol in the blood.Each drink adds about .02 to percent to a person’s BAC.
10 Alcohol is removed from the body at a rate of ¾ of a drink per hour. Factors Affecting BACAmount consumed.Amount of time over which the alcohol is consumed.Person’s body weight.Alcohol is removed from the body at a rate of ¾ of a drink per hour.
11 Reaction time is impaired at a BAC of 0.03 Elimination RateAlcohol is eliminated from the body at the rate of about one drink per hour (about BAC reduction).125 lbs. FemaleDrinksBAC in 1 Hour6 Hrs later10.04Sober20.100.03 BAC30.240.15 BAC155 lbs. MaleDrinks image from:Vehicle image from:Retrieve 11/09/10DrinksBAC in 1 Hour6 Hrs later10.04Sober20.0930.180.09 BACReaction time is impaired at a BAC of 0.03
12 In all states BAC level of 0.08 is illegal Effect on the SexesBlood alcohol content differ for men and women.Charts approximate BAC levelsFemaleMaleIn all states BAC level of 0.08 is illegalCharts from:Drinks image from:Retrieved 11/08/10
13 Drinking Myths What’s the real facts? Beer is less intoxicating. One or two drinks will not affect driving ability.A cold shower, fresh air, and coffee can help sober up a person.It’s okay to drive when taking prescriptions and over-the-counter drugs.People who drink or use drugs only harm themselves.Impaired driving is only an adult (over 21 yrs) problem.Image from:Retrieved 11/09/10
14 True or False? I can sober up by drinking coffee. I can sober up by taking a cold shower.I can sober up by exercising.I will not be affected because I am only drinking beer.Answer True or False for each statement.
15 True or False? I can drive better after a few drinks. False A young person cannot become a problem drinker.One way to reduce the risk involved with drinking and driving is to appoint a person to be the designated driver.
16 Other DrugsAny drug, legal or illegal, that causes impairment when driving is against the law to use and then operate a vehicle. Including…over-the-counter medicinesprescription medicinesdepressantsstimulantshallucinogens
17 The Law In Nevada, a BAC of .08 is legally drunk. 0.02 for drivers under 21.Note that the BAC is only a guide.Drivers can be arrested and convicted for DUI with a lower BAC.
18 Implied Consentmeans anyone who receives a driver’s license automatically consents to be tested for alcohol or drugs. By driving in Nevada you automatically consent to breath or blood testing. Be aware that you cannot refuse a test.
19 Tests for ImpairmentSeveral tests are used to evaluate DUI impairment:Field Sobriety (on-the-spot roadside tests)Eye check (nystagmus)Balance and coordinationChemical TestsBreathBloodUrineSign image from:Eye check image from:Coordination image from:Breath test image from:Retrieved 11/09/10
20 Typical penalties for a first DUI ArrestVehicle ImpoundmentTwo days to six months in jail or community serviceFine of $400 to $1,000Chemical Test Fee: $60DUI School or Substance Abuse TreatmentVictim Impact PanelPossible Driver License revocationIncreased car insurance premiums
21 The LawPenalties increase with subsequent offenses.
22 Social PressureThe safest decision about alcohol one can make is to abstain entirely.Never condone or approve of intoxicationDon’t let your friends drive after drinking (take keys, assign designated driver)Join Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD)Friends image from:Roadkill poster images from:SADD Image from:Retrieved 11/09/10
23 Responsibility to Others Do what ever it takes, take their keys, disable the car, lock them in a room, Don’t Let Them Drive Away! It may be the last time it happens.