4 Physical Features Mountains throughout the region Andes Mountains in South AmericaSierra Madre Occidental in MexicoVolcanoes on the Caribbean IslandsAmazon Rainforest in South AmericaLargest tropical rainforest in the worldAmazon River in South America2nd longest in the worldLake Titicaca in South AmericaHighest lake (in elevation) in the worldAtacama Desert in ChileDriest place on earthAngel Falls in South AmericaWorld’s tallest waterfall
5 Climate3 main types of climates in Latin America— look at the climate maps on pages 58 and 74 to find themTropical climate in much of Central America, Caribbean Islands, and Amazon BasinCool highlands climate in western South America (Andes) & southern Mexico (Sierra Madre)Arid (dry) climate in northern Mexico and southern South America
6 Cultural Features Languages: Where did Latin America get its name? 2 main languages spoken: Spanish & PortugueseWhere did Latin America get its name?Spanish & Portuguese come from the Latin language (which is now considered a “dead” language.)Main religion practiced in Latin America?Look at p. 40 in your atlasRoman Catholic ChristianityLargest country in population AND land area?Brazil (4th largest in the world for both stats.)Countries in Central America (list at least 1 on your notes sheet) look on p. 57Countries in Caribbean Islands (list at least 1 on your notes sheet) look on p. 57Countries in South America (list at least 1 on your notes sheet) look on p. 73
7 Cultural FeaturesCountries in Central America (list at least 1 on your notes sheet) look on p. 57Panama, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa RicaCountries in Caribbean Islands (list at least 1 on your notes sheet) look on p. 57Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Jamaica, St. Kitts & Nevis, Antigua & Barbuda, Dominica, St. Lucia, Barbados, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Grenada, Trinidad & TobagoCountries in South America (list at least 1 on your notes sheet) look on p. 73Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Guyana, Suriname
9 Latin American Country Activity: Due tomorrow Find at least 5 interesting cultural facts about a Latin American countryConsider these parts of culture when finding your facts: food, music, religion, festivals/holidays, customs, recreational activities, art, government, education, currencies, history, gestures, family customsYou MUST use Culture Grams as one of your sources of information.Do NOT use WikipediaGo toUsername: 5250pvjhPassword: mbaea9
10 History 3 civilizations that impacted history of Latin America: Mayans AztecsIncasWho were the first Europeans to conquer Latin America?Spanish & PortugueseIn what decade did the Spanish and Portuguese come to Latin America to establish colonies?1500s
11 HistoryWhat was the name of the man who led the Spanish in conquering the Aztecs?Hernan Cortes2 reasons why the Europeans were successful in conquering the native Latin Americans:They had more advanced weapons.They brought over diseases that killed off large portions of natives.
12 History 5 changes Europeans made to Latin American culture: 1. Religion from native religions to Roman Catholic2. Replaced native languages with Spanish/Portuguese3. Changed farming practices to use modern technology4. The food they grew & ateExamples: Olives, wheat, carrots, bananas, broccoli, rice, and coffee5. They introduced new animalsExamples: Horses, cats, cows, chickens
13 HistoryAlmost every country is now independent of Spain & Portugal todayBUT, there is still a great deal of Spanish/Portuguese influence on the culture of Latin America.