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© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 141 CAREER INFORMATION 14.1 14.1The World of Work 14.2 14.2Exploring Occupations Chapter 14
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 142 THE WORLD OF WORK Explain how occupations and industries are grouped Describe trends in the growth of goods and service industries Describe employment trends in occupations Objectives Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 143 OCCUPATIONS AND INDUSTRIES World of work is an informal phrase used to describe the network of occupations and industries that exists within the American economic system. Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 144 CLASSIFYING OCCUPATIONS Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system is a system of grouping based on the type of work performed. Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH) is a reference source produced by the federal government that provides occupational information and data. Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 145 1.Management 2.Business and Financial Operations 3.Computer and Mathematical 4.Architecture and Engineering 5.Life, Physical, and Social Science 6.Community and Social Services 7.Legal 8.Education, Training, and Library 9.Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media 10.Healthcare Practitioners and Technical 11.Healthcare Support 12.Protective Service 13.Food Preparation and Serving Related 14.Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance 15.Personal Care and Service 16.Sales and Related 17.Office and Administrative Support 18.Farming, Fishing, and Forestry 19.Construction and Extraction 20.Installation, Maintenance, and Repair 21.Production 22.Transportation and Material Moving 23.Military Specific PRIMARY SOC CLASSIFICATIONS Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 146 CLASSIFYING INDUSTRIES North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) groups industries according to the type of product produced or service provided. All places of employment are called industries. NAICS is divided into two broad divisions and twenty industry sectors. Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 147 GOODS-PRODUCING INDUSTRIES 1.Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting 2.Mining 3.Utilities 4.Construction 5.Manufacturing SERVICE-PROVIDING INDUSTRIES 6.Wholesale Trade 7.Retail Trade 8.Transportation and Warehousing 9.Information and Cultural Industries 10.Finance and Insurance 11.Real Estate and Rental and Leasing 12.Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 13.Management of Companies and Enterprises 14.Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services 15.Educational Services 16.Health Care and Social Assistance 17.Arts, Entertainment and Recreation 18.Accommodation and Food Services 19.Other Services (Except Public Administration) 20.Public Administration NAICS DIVISIONS AND SECTORS Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 148 TOMORROW’S JOBS Bureau of Labor Statistics projects job trends by analyzing Population patterns Economic and social change Technology Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 149 EMPLOYMENT TRENDS IN INDUSTRIES Service-producing industries are those companies and businesses that produce or provide some type of personal or business service, such as transportation, finance, insurance, and trade. Goods-producing industries are those companies and businesses, such as manufacturing, construction, mining, and agriculture, which produce some type of product. Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 1410 PERCENTAGE CHANGE IN EMPLOYMENT, 2002–2012 Education and health services 31.8% Professional and business services 30.4% Information 18.5% Leisure and Hospitality 17.8% Other services 15.7% Trade, transportation and utilities 14.1% Financial activities 12.3% Government 11.8% Construction 15.1% Manufacturing -1.0% Agriculture, forestry, and fishing -2.0% Mining -11.8% Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 1411 EMPLOYMENT TRENDS IN OCCUPATIONS Future employment among occupational groups will vary greatly. Information about projected trends is useful in several ways. A person planning a career might choose an occupation for which future employment is expected to grow. A worker in a declining occupation might consider retraining. Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 1412 CHANGE IN EMPLOYMENT Rate of growth of an occupation Numerical increase of workers Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 1413 Environmental engineers 38% Accountants and auditors 19% Environmental engineers 18 Accountants and auditors 205 (Thousands) TWO VIEWS OF EMPLOYMENT GROWTH Numeric employment growth in two occupations, projected 2002–12 Percent employment growth in two occupations, projected 2002–12 Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 1414 Medical assistants 59% Network systems and data communications analysts 57% Physician assistants 49% Home health aides 48% Social and human service assistants 49% Computer software engineers, systems software 45% Computer software engineers, applications 46% Physical therapist aides 46% Medical records and health information technicians 47% Physical therapist assistants 45% PERCENTAGE CHANGE IN EMPLOYMENT IN OCCUPATIONS PROJECTED TO GROW FASTEST, 2002–2012 Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 1415 Registered nurses 623 Postsecondary teachers 603 Retail salespersons 596 Food preparation and serving workers 454 Customer service representatives 460 Waiters and waitresses 367 General and operations managers 376 Janitors and cleaners 414 Cashiers, except gaming 454 Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants 343 OCCUPATIONS WITH THE LARGEST NUMERICAL INCREASES IN EMPLOYMENT, PROJECTED 2002–2012 Lesson 14.1
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 1416 EXPLORING OCCUPATIONS Use the Occupational Outlook Handbook to conduct an occupational search List other sources of career information Objectives Lesson 14.2
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 1417 USING THE OOH An occupational search is the process of collecting information about an occupation of interest using one or more printed resources or databases. An occupational description tells you what the work in an occupation is like—the tasks involved, the working conditions, the earnings, and so on. Lesson 14.2
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 1418 OOH DESCRIPTION CATEGORIES Nature of the work Working conditions Employment Training, other qualifications, and advancement Job outlook Earnings Related occupations Sources of additional information Lesson 14.2
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 1419 Employment Number of jobs in the occupation In what types of industries or locations do people in this occupation work? Nature Of The Work List five major tasks that workers perform. Working Conditions Write down normal working hours. Describe typical working conditions. Are there unpleasant or dangerous aspects? OCCUPATIONAL SEARCH FORM (FRONT) Training, Other Qualifications, & Advancement What is the preferred or required level of education or training? List any licensure or certification requirements. Lesson 14.2
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 1420 OCCUPATIONAL SEARCH FORM (BACK) Job Outlook Check the statements related to change in employment and opportunities and competition that best describe the future outlook for this occupation. Training, etc. (continued) List any special abilities or qualifications recommended or required. What opportunities are there for advancement? Earnings Write down the average yearly starting salary. Range of average yearly earnings Year provided Related Occupation List titles of related occupations. Sources Of Additional Information Occupational Outlook Handbook, edition and pages Lesson 14.2
© Thomson/South-WesternSlideCHAPTER 1421 OTHER SOURCES OF INFORMATION Books Internet CD-ROMs Lesson 14.2
Standard Occupational Classification System (SOC).
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