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The Life Cycle and Aging

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Presentation on theme: "The Life Cycle and Aging"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Life Cycle and Aging
Chapter 3, Lesson 8 and 9

2 The Stages of Life There are nine stages of life.
Infancy Early Childhood Middle Childhood Late Childhood Adolescence Transition to Adulthood First Adulthood Second Adulthood Late Adulthood You must master one stage before you can move onto another!

3 Infancy Birth to 1 year Grow rapidly, almost tripling in weight
Completely dependent on others for food, clothing, and shelter If needs are met = perceive adults as reliable and trustworthy If needs are not met = more likely to be distrustful and suspicious of others

4 Early Childhood 1 to 3 years Begin to:
explore their environment Develop physical skills (walking, etc) Gain some independence in self-care (toiled trained) If they are encouraged in their attempts to become more independent, children gain confidence in this stage. If they are not encouraged, they may develop doubt and shame.

5 Middle Childhood 3 to 6 years Very imaginative Begin to:
Initiate activities Invent ways of playing

6 Late Childhood 6 to 12 years Learn:
Many important academic skills at school To relate to peers in more structured settings, such as a sports team If challenges of in previous stages have been mastered and they are encouraged, they feel active and are able to acquire these skills. If challenges have not been mastered and encouragement is missing, they may doubt their abilities and feel incompetent or inferior.

7 Adolescence 12 to 18 years The physical, emotional, and social transition from childhood to adulthood. Time of profound physical and emotional growth. Most importantly, adolescents try to develop a sense of identity. A sense of who you are. If an identity is developed, adolescents are more likely to succeed. If it is not developed, adolescents may experience confusion about their role in life.

8 The Tasks of Adolescence
Having healthful friendships with both males and females. Being comfortable with being male or female. Being comfortable with one’s body. Gaining skills that will help the individual become independent from parents and other adults.

9 The Tasks of Adolescence
Learning skills to use later in marriage and becoming a parent. Learning skills to help get a job and earn money. Developing a clear set of values to guide behavior. Developing a social conscience.

10 Emotional and Social Changes in Adolescence
Rising levels of hormones can cause strong emotions, or mood swings Self-consciousness may occur with all of the changes from puberty Romantic feelings Friendships Social: Interactions with others Peers become the focus of social interactions Finding a balance between family and peers

11 The Stages of Adulthood
Transition to Adulthood (18-30) Young adults strive to be independent from their parents and establish close relationships with other adults. Must develop the skills to live independently. First Adulthood (30-45) Work to establish careers and raise children Set financial and career goals and work to achieve them.

12 The Stages of Adulthood
Second Adulthood (45-70) Face major changes in life Children leave home Retirement Previous goals and accomplishments need to be reevaluated Late Adulthood (70+) Come to terms with retirement, issues of independence and dependence, the loss of friends and loved ones, the prospect of their own death, and the self-assessment of whether life has been well lived.

13 Measuring Age Chronological Age: Biological Age: Social Age:
The number of years a person has lived Measured by a calendar Biological Age: Based on how well a person’s body parts are functioning Influenced by heredity, health habits, and the quality of health care a person receives Social Age: Indicator of a person’s age based on involvement with others

14 Life Cycle Assessment Your Task:
Interview a parent or friend that has seen you develop through the first five life stages. Record their answers on the worksheet. Make sure to have the person you interviewed sign the worksheet!

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