Presentation on theme: "Human Rights. Human rights include the right to receive equal treatment to be free from prohibited discrimination and harassment, and to have equal access."— Presentation transcript:
Human rights include the right to receive equal treatment to be free from prohibited discrimination and harassment, and to have equal access to places, services and opportunities.
Discrimination Discrimination occurs when an individual is treated unfairly because he or she belongs to a certain group
Human Rights Codes There are two levels of protection. Canadians are protected from abuses from the government or its agencies through the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Does not protect in cases of discrimination by private sector.
Provincial Human Rights Codes Provincial Human Rights codes protect citizens from “prohibited” discrimination in the private sector. What is prohibited varies with provinces.
Discrimination is illegal based on Generally includes: Physical characteristics Origin Colour Religion Age Gender Sexual Orientation Mental or Physical disability Marital Status
Provincial Human Rights Codes Since the government are the ones making these laws they still have to follow the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Stereotyping and Prejudice Stereotyping – having an oversimplified, false or general portrayal of a group of people. Prejudice – judging an individual according to the group to which they belong without taking into account individual characteristics or abilities.
Administering Human Rights Legislation Filing a complaint Provinces usually have a commission that deals with complaints. Individuals do not need a lawyer and is confidential.
Filing a Complaint Hiring discrimination In filing a complaint you must prove 1. You were qualified for the position. 1. You were not offered the position. 1. Someone no better qualified got the position and lacked the characteristic that you are claiming they discriminated against you for.
Dismissing a Case The Commission may dismiss the case for a number of reasons including 1. There is already a claim that has a better chance of getting a ruling. 1. The complaint is viewed as trivial, or made in bad faith 1. Too much time has passed.
Role of the Commission The next step is mediation. Both sides come together to try and resolve the issues They are aided by a mediation officer. If this fails, a formal investigation by a human rights officer occurs. This involves examining documents, facilities and interviewing employees.
After all this has been done, a report is written and the parties have another chance to reconcile. If this fails it goes to the commission. They decide if there is enough evidence to go to trial. Trials occur in tribunals
Remedies Most remedies involve giving the same compensation that the complainant would have received if discrimination did not take place. Examples include Stopping the practice Letter of apology Payment for mental anguish or from loss of pay or benefits.
Remedies Continued Giving back a person their job Ordering adoption of programs designed to relieve hardships or economic disadvantage. Provide human rights training to eliminate discrimination.
Grounds of Discrimination Employment Everyone has equal right to employment in the application process, training promotions, layoffs etc. Exceptions can occur when 1. They are reasonable and justifiable (insurance fees) 2. Specific skills or “bona fida occupational requirement”
Employment Continued 3. Affirmative Action gives advantages to groups that were historically discriminated against. If two people are equally qualified than preference can be given.
Employment continued Constructive and Direct Discrimination Constructive: Having a seemingly neutral policy for the purpose of discriminating. Police used to have height requirements which limited the number of women in the force. Direct: Open discrimination
Employment Continued Duty to Accommodate Employer must try to accommodate for an employee’s needs. i.e religious beliefs, physical disability. Unless employer proves undue hardship The employer does not have to accommodate if it jeopardizes safety or would cost the company too much
Employment Continued Harassment Everyone has the right to be free from humiliating or annoying behaviour. Examples could be racial, sexual, or religious slurs. Sexual Harassment includes un-welcomed sexual contact, remarks, leering demands for dates, and displays of sexually offensive pictures or graffiti.
Employment Continued Poisoned Environment When someone is constantly subjected to humiliation or an uncomfortable atmosphere at work.
Accommodation and Facilities There can be no discrimination when it comes to renting or selling property including age, marital status, or source of income. Public facilities must also treat everyone fairly.
Meeting Special Needs Attempts must be made to accommodate people and employees with disabilities as long as it does not cause undue hardship. Drug addiction is considered a disability.