Presentation on theme: "Ch. 3 & 4. 1. Study of demography, language, religion, customs, political systems, economic systems, and culture 2. Culture: beliefs and actions that."— Presentation transcript:
1. Study of demography, language, religion, customs, political systems, economic systems, and culture 2. Culture: beliefs and actions that define a group of people’s way of life
SOCIETY: A CULTURAL GROUP THAT SHARES A GEOGRAPHIC REGION ETHNIC GROUP: SPECIFIC GROUP THAT SHARES LANGUAGE, CUSTOMS, & COMMON HERITAGE
1. Earth’s population is 6.7 billion 2. Population Density varies however (avg # of ppl per sq. mile) 3. Type of land determines where and how ppl live 4. When a piece of land reaches its carrying capacity, then the land can no longer support any additional organisms
BIRTHRATE: # OF LIVE BIRTHS EA. YR PER 1000 PPL MORTALITY-RATE: # OF DEATHS EA. YR PER 1000 PPL
FERTILITY RATE : AVG. # OF KIDS A WOMAN HAS DURING HER CHILDBEARING YRS (15-45) INFANT MORTALITY-RATE: # OF DEATHS OF KIDS <1 YR/ 1000 LIVE BIRTHS
This is the population growth rate. All populations have a typical population increase pattern. This diagram shows that pattern.
This is a graphic device that shows sex and age distribution of a population. Used to see what type of country it is economically.
Push Factors are those reasons why someone would leave their homeland and migrate to another country. Pull Factors are the reasons why that particular country seems appealing.
IMMIGRATION (PPL WHO MOVE INTO A COUNTRY) + BIRTHRATES = EMIGRATION (PPL WHO MOVE OUT OF A COUNTRY) + DEATH-RATES
URBANIZATION: THE GROWTH OF CITIES, URBAN GEOGRAPHY – STUDY OF HOW PPL USE SPACE IN CITIES RURAL: COUNTRYSIDE
SUBURBS: BUILT UP AREA AROUND CITIES METROPOLITAN AREA: CITY, SUBURBS, & THEIR LINKS
1. Residential: where ppl live 2. Industrial: used for manufacturing 3. Commercial: used for private business 4. Central Business District: core of the city, businesses, housing, museums, etc
1. Cultural Hearth: where major trait of human culture developed (Mesopotamia) 2. Language: reflects cultural identity, dialects 3. Religion: supports a culture’s values 4. Technology: availability and impact 5. Social Organization: social class 6. Women & Minorities: often treated as 2 nd class citizens
1. Innovations: taking existing technology and resources and creating something new 2. Diffusion: spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior 3. Acculturation: society changes b/c it accepts of adopts an innovation
FOSSIL FUELS: COAL, OIL, NATURAL GAS FORMED FROM PLANT AND ANIMAL REMAINS MINERALS SUCH AS GOLD, SILVER, TIN, COPPER
NUCLEAR ENERGY: PRODUCED BY FISSION, NEEDS URANIUM (LIMITED), CONCERNS OVER RADIOACTIVE WASTE WATER POWER: FALLING WATER TO GENERATE ELECTRICITY, INCLUDES OCEAN TIDES
WIND POWER: WIND BLOWS TURNING TURBINES & PRODUCE ELECTRICITY GEOTHERMAL ENERGY: HEAT FROM THE EARTH IS USED FOR ELECTRICITY
Energy produced by the sun, also used for electricity, nonrenewable b/c the sun will eventually burn out in about 5 billion years
1. Water is renewable, but limited 2. 460 million ppl live in water-stressed countries 3. Drought- US donates $532.6 million in food aid for drought stricken countries 4. Irrigation is the biggest consumer of water 5. Pollution is another major issue
1. When ppl use raw materials to produce or manufacture new products of greater value 2. Ex. Flour, plywood, electrical power 3. Cottage industries – subsistence economies 4. Commercial Industries: clothing, cars, appliances, machinery